英语三轮总复习宣传画册-电子书册制作-云展网在线书城 (2023)


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


replied, and immediately I 34 . That stranger was my son!

The instructors called for an ambulance. 35 , after a brief stay in hospital, Ben was well

enough to be allowed to 36 and later the family met up for dinner. We chatted about everything

and then Ben 37 to me. “I just want to say thank you,” he said, “You 38 my life!”

I still can’t believe what a 39 it was. I’m just so glad I was there 40 to help my son. 21. A. also B. often C. even D. last

22. A. delight B. relief C. anger D. worry

23. A. scared B. shocked C. thrilled D. ashamed

24. A. talk B. stay C. meet D. settle

25. A. bathed B. clean C. deep D. formed

26. A. faster B. closer C. heavier D. wiser

27. A. trouble B. advance C. question D. battle

28. A. real B. right C. fair D. fit

29. A. stared B. sank C. dived D. fell

30. A. arguing B. fighting C. Shouting D. shaking

31. A. lead B. persuade C. carry D. keep

32. A. happened B. occurred C. applied D. appealed

33. A. sharp B. pleasant C. attractive D. familiar

34. A. agreed B. hesitated C. doubted D. knew

35. A. Fortunately B. Frankly C. Sadly D. Suddenly

36. A. return B. relax C. speak D. leave

37. A. joked B. turned C. listened D. pointed

38. A. created B. honored C. saved D. guided

39. A. coincidence B. change C. pity D. pain

40. A. on board B. in time C. for sure D. on purpose

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Diets have changed in China — and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country 41

(grow)more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over 42 past 25

years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.

A taste for meat is 43 (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to

feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn's rise: The government encourages farmers to

grow corn instead of rice 44 (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water 45 rice and

creates less fertilizer(化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased 46 (pollute) in the country's major

lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people. According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total 47 (globe)

fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005—when the

government 48 (start) a soil-testing program 49 gives specific fertilizer

recommendations to farmers - and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the

emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China's approach to protecting its environment

while 50 (feed) its citizens \"offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers

worldwide.\" says the bank's Juergen Voegele.三、写作(满分 25 分)


你受学生会委托为校宣传栏“英语天地”写一则通知,请大家观看一部英语短片 Growing Together,






(1)词数 100 左右;











信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


Welcome to Holker Hall & Gardens

Visitor Information

How to Get to Holker

By Car: Follow brown signs an A590 from JB6, M6. Approximate travel times: Windermere-20

minutes, Kendal-25 minutes, Lancaster-45 minutes, Manchester-1 hour 30 minutes. By Rail: The nearest station is Cark-in-Cartmel with trains to Carnforth, Lancaster Preston for

connections to major cities & airports. Opening Times

Sunday-Friday (closed on Saturday)11:00 am-4:00pm,30 March-2nd November. Admission Charges

Hall & Gardens Gardens

Adults: £12.00 £8.00

Groups £9 £5.5

Special Events

Producers: Market 13th April

Join us to taste a variety of fresh local food and drinks. Meet the producers and get some excellent

recipe ideas. Holker Garden Festival 30th May

The event celebrate its 22nd anniversary with a great show of the very best of gardening, making it

one of the most popular events in gardening. National Garden Day 28th August

Holker once again opens is gardens in aid of the disadvantaged. For just a small donation you can

take a tour with our garden guide. Winter Market 8th November

This is an event for all the family. Wander among a variety of shops selling gifs while enjoying a

live music show and nice street entertainment. 1. How long does it probably take a tourist to drive to Holker from Manchester?

A. 20 minutes. B. 25 minutes. C. 45 minutes. D. 90 minutes. 2. How much should a member of a tour group pay to visit to Hall & Cardens?

A. £12.00. B. £9.00. C. £8.0 D. £5.50

3. Which event will you go to if you want to see a live music show?

A. Producers’ Market. B. Holker Garden Festival. C. National Garden Day. D. Winter Market.B

Cities usually have a good reason for being where they are, like a nearby port or river. People settle

in these places because they are easy to get to and naturally suited to communications and trade. New

York City, for example, is near a large harbor at the mouth of the Hudson River. Over 300 years its

population grew gradually from 800 people to 8 million. But not all cities develop slowly over a long

period of time. Boom towns grow from nothing almost overnight. In 1896, Dawson, Canada, was

unmapped wilderness(荒野). But gold was discovered there in 1897, and two years later, it was one of

the largest cities in the West, with a population of 30,000. Dawson did not have any of the natural conveniences of cities like London or Paris. People went

there for gold. They travelled over snow-covered mountains and sailed hundreds of miles up icy rivers. The path to Dawson was covered with thirty feet of wet snow that could fall without warming. An

avalanche(雪崩) once closed the path, killing 63 people. For many who made it to Dawson, however, the rewards were worth the difficult trip. Of the first 20,000 people who dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich men for the rest of their lives. But no matter how rich they were, Dawson was never comfortable. Necessities like food and wood

were very expensive. But soon, the gold that Dawson depended on had all been found. The city was



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


crowded with disappointed people with no interest in settling down, and when they heard there were

new gold discoveries in Alaska, they left Dawson City as quickly as they had come. Today, people still

come and go — to see where the Canadian gold rush happened. Tourism is now the chief industry of

Dawson City — its present population is 762. 4. What attracted the early settlers to New York City?

A. Its business culture. B. Its small population. C. Its geographical position. D. Its favorable climate. 5. What do we know about those who first dug for gold in Dawson?

A. Two-thirds of them stayed there. B. One out of five people got rich. C. Almost everyone gave up. D. Half of them died. 6. What was the main reason for many people to leave Dawson?

A. They found the city too crowded. B. They wanted to try their luck elsewhere. C. They were unable to stand the winter. D. They were short of food. 7. What is the text mainly about?

A. The rise and fall of a city. B. The gold rush in Canada. C. Journeys into the wilderness. D. Tourism in Dawson. C

While famous foreign architects are invited to lead the designs of landmark buildings in China such

as the new CCTV tower and the National Center for the Performing Arts, many excellent Chinese

architects are making great efforts to take the center stage. Their efforts have been proven fruitful. Wang Shu, a 49-year-old Chinese architect, won the 2012

Pritzker Architecture Prize — which is often referred to as the Nobel Prize in architecture — on

February 28. He is the first Chinese citizen to win this award. Wang serves as head of the Architecture Department at the China Academy of Art (CAA). His office

is located at the Xiangshan campus(校园) of the university in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. Many

buildings on the campus are his original creations. The style of the campus is quite different from that of most Chinese universities. Many visitors were

amazed by the complex architectural space and abundant building types. The curves( 曲 线 ) of the

buildings perfectly match the rise and fall of hills, forming a unique view. Wang collected more than 7 million abandoned bricks of different ages. He asked the workers to use

traditional techniques to make the bricks into walls, roofs and corridors. This creation attracted a lot of

attention thanks to its mixture of modern and traditional Chinese elements(元素). Wang’s works show a deep understanding of modern architecture and a good knowledge of

traditions. Through such a balance, he had created a new type of Chinese architecture, said Tadao Ando, the winner of the 1995 Pritzker Prize. Wang believes traditions should not be sealed in glass boxes at museums. \"That is only evidence

that traditions once existed,\" he said. \"Many Chinese people have a misunderstanding of traditions. They think tradition means old things

from the past. In fact, tradition also refers to the things that have been developing and that are still being

created, \" he said. \"Today, many Chinese people are learning Western styles and theories rather than focusing on

Chinese traditions. Many people tend to talk about traditions without knowing what they really are, \"

said Wang. The study of traditions should be combined with practice. Otherwise, the recreation of traditions

would be artificial and empty, he said. 8. Wang’s winning of the prize means that Chinese architects are ___________. A. following the latest world trend B. getting international recognition

C. working harder than ever before D. relying on foreign architects

9. What impressed visitors to the CAA Xiangshan campus most?

A. Its hilly environment. B. Its large size. C. Its unique style. D. Its diverse functions. 10. What made Wang’s architectural design a success?

A. The mixture of different shapes. B. The balance of East and West. C. The use of popular techniques. D. The harmony of old and new. 11. What should we do about Chinese traditions according to Wang?

A. Spread them to the world. B. Preserve them at museums. C. Teach them in universities. D. Recreate them in practice. D

Adults understand what it feels like to be flooded with objects. Why do we often assume that more

is more when it comes to kids and their belongings? The good news is that I can help my own kids learn


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


earlier than I did how to live more with less. I found the pre-holidays a good time to encourage young children to donate less-used things, and it

worked. Because of our efforts, our daughter Georgia did decide to donate a large bag of toys to a little

girl whose mother was unable to pay for her holiday due to illness. She chose to sell a few larger objects

that were less often used when we promised to put the money into her school fund( 基 金 )(our

kindergarten daughter is serious about becoming a doctor)

For weeks, I've been thinking of bigger, deeper questions: How do we make it a habit for them? And

how do we train ourselves to help them live with, need, and use less? Yesterday, I sat with my son, Shepherd, determined to test my own theory on this. I decided to play with him with only one toy for as

long as it would keep his interest. I expected that one toy would keep his attention for about five minutes, ten minutes, max. I chose a red rubber ball-simple, universally available. We passed it, he tried to put it

in his mouth, he tried bouncing it, rolling it, sitting on it, throwing it. It was totally, completely enough

for him. Before I knew it an hour had passed and it was time to move on to lunch. We both became absorbed in the simplicity of playing together. He had my full attention and I had

his. My little experiment to find joy in a single object worked for both of us. 12. What do the words “more is more” in paragraph 1 probably mean?

A. The more, the better. B. Enough is enough. C. More money, more worries. D. Earn more and spend more. 13. What made Georgia agree to sell some of her objects?

A. Saving up for her holiday B. Raising money for a poor girl

C. Adding the money to her fund D. Giving the money to a sick mother

14. Why did the author play the ball with Shepherd?

A. To try out an idea B. To show a parent’s love

C. To train his attention D. To help him start a hobby

15. What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Take It or Leave It B. A Lesson from Kids

C. Live More with Less D. The Pleasure of Giving

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Before there was the written word, there was the language of dance. Dance expresses love and hate,

joy and sorrow, life and death, and everything else in between. 16 We dance from Florida to Alaska, from north to south and sea to sea. We dance at

weddings, birthdays, office parties and just to fill the time. “I adore dancing,” says Lester Bridges, the owner of a dance studio in Iowa. “I can’t imagine doing

anything else with my life.” Bridges runs dance classes for all ages. “Teaching dance is wonderful. 17 It’s great to watch them. For many of them, it’s a way of meeting people and having a social life.” 18 “I can tell you about one young couple,” says Bridges. “They’re learning to do traditional

dances. They arrive at the class in low spirits and they leave with a smile. 19 ” So, do we dance in order to make ourselves feel better, calmer, healthier? Andrea Hillier says, “Dance, like the pattern of a beating heart, is life. Even after all these years, I want to get better and

better. 20 I find it hard to stop! Dancing reminds me I’m alive.” A. So why do we dance?

B. Dance in the U.S. is everywhere. C. If you like dancing outdoors, come to America. D. My older students say it makes them feel young. E. I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired. F. Dancing seems to change their feeling completely. G. They stayed up all night long singing and dancing.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When most of us get a text message on our cell phone from an unknown person, we usually say "

sorry, 21 number!" and move on. But when Dennis Williams 22 a text that clearly

wasn’t intended for him, he did something 23 . On March 19, Dennis got a group text 24 him that a couple he didn’t know were at the

hospital, waiting for the 25 of a baby. "Congratulations! But I think someone was mistaken," Dennis 26 . The baby was born

and update texts were 27 quickly from the overjoyed grandmother, Teresa. In her 28 , she didn’t seem to realize that she was 29 the baby’s photos with a complete stranger. "Well, I

don’t 30 you all but I will get there to take pictures with the baby," replied Dennis before


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


asking which room the new 31 were in. Much to the family’s surprise, Dennis stuck to his 32 ! He turned up at the hospital 33

gifts for the new mother Lindsey and her baby boy. Lindsey’s husband was totally 34 by the

unexpected visit. "I don’t think we would have randomly invited him over but we 35 it and

the gifts."

Teresa 36 a photo of the chance meeting on a social networking website 37 by the

touching words: "What a 38 this young man was to our family! He was so 39 and

kind to do this." The post has since gained the 40 of social media users all over the world, receiving more than 184,000 shares and 61,500 likes in just three days. 21. A. unlucky B. secret C. new D. wrong

22. A. received B. translated C. copied D. printed

23. A. reasonable B. special C. necessary D. practical

24. A. convincing B. reminding C. informing D. warning

25. A. wake-up B. recovery C. growth D. arrival

26. A. responded B. interrupted C. predicted D. repeated

27. A. coming in B. setting out C. passing down D. moving around

28. A. opinion B. anxiety C. excitement D. effort

29. A. comparing B. exchanging C. discussing D. sharing

30. A. accept B. know C. believe D. bother

31. A. parents B. doctors C. patients D. visitors

32. A. dream B. promise C. agenda D. principle

33. A. bearing B. collecting C. opening D. making

34. A. discouraged B. relaxed C. astonished D. defeated

35. A. admit B. need C. appreciate D. expect

36. A. found B. selected C. developed D. posted

37. A. confirmed B. simplified C. clarified D. accompanied

38. A. pity B. blessing C. relief D. problem

39. A. smart B. calm C. sweet D. fair

40. A. sympathy B. attention C. control D. trust

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

I'm not sure 41 is more frightened, me or the female gorilla(大猩猩)that suddenly appears

out of nowhere. I'm walking on a path in the forest in the Central African Republic. Unexpectedly, I'm

face-to-face with the gorilla, who begins screaming at 42 top of her lungs. That makes her baby

scream, and then a 400-pound male appears. He screams the

43 (loud)of all. The noise shakes the trees as the male beats his chest and charges toward me. I quickly lower myself, ducking my head to avoid 44 (look) directly into his eyes so he doesn't

feel 45 (challenge). My name is Mireya Mayor. I'm a 46 (science)who studies animals such as apes and monkeys. I was searching 47 these three western lowland gorillas I'd been observing. No one had seen

them for hours, and my colleagues and I were worried. When the gorillas and I frightened each other, I was just glad to find 48 (they) alive. True to

a gorilla's unaggressive nature, the huge animal 49 (mean)me no real harm. He was just saying: \"I'm king of this forest, and here is your reminder!\" Once his message was delivered, he allowed me

50 (stay)and watch.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,你的英国朋友 Peter 来信询问你校学生体育运动情况。请给他回信,内容包括:

1. 学校的体育场馆;

2. 主要的运动项目;

3. 你喜欢的项目。

注意:1. 词数 100 左右:

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。









信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


Pacific Science Center Guide

◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Store

Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful

science activity or souvenir to remember your visit. The store is located(位于) upstairs in Building 3

right next to the Laser Dome. ◆Hungry?

Our exhibits will feed your mind, but what about your body? Our café offers a complete menu of

lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials. The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and

is open daily until one hour Pacific Science Center closes. ◆Rental Information

Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit. The lockers are located in Building

1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the

Information Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required. ◆Support Pacific Science Center

Since 1962, Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion(热情) for discovery and lifelong

learning in science, math and technology. Today, Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million

people a year and brings inquiry-based science education to classrooms and community events all over

Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and one we cannot achieve without generous support

from individuals, corporations, and other social organizations. Visit pacificsciencecenter.org to find

various ways you can support Pacific Science Center.

1. Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center?

A. In Building 1. B. In Building 3. C. At the Laser Dome. D. At the Denny Way entrance. 2. What does Pacific Science Center do for schools?

A. Train science teachers. B. Distribute science books. C. Inspire scientific research. D. Take science to the classroom. 3. What is the purpose of the last part of the text?

A. To encourage donations. B. To advertise coming events. C. To introduce special exhibits. D. To tell about the Center’s history. B

I work with Volunteers for Wildlife, a rescue and education organization at Bailey Arboretum in

Locust Valley. Trying to help injured, displaced or sick creatures can be heartbreaking; survival is never

certain. However, when it works, it is simply beautiful. I got a rescue call from a woman in Muttontown. She had found a young owl(猫头鹰) on the

ground. When I arrived, I saw a 2-to 3-week-old owl. It had already been placed in a carrier for safety. I examined the chick(雏鸟) and it seemed fine. If I could locate the nest, I might have been able to

put it back, but no luck. My next work was to construct a nest and anchor it in a tree. The homeowner was very helpful. A wire basket was found. I put some pine branches into the

basket to make this nest safe and comfortable. I placed the chick in the nest, and it quickly calmed down. Now all that was needed were the parents, but they were absent. I gave the homeowner a recording

of the hunger screams of owl chicks. These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might also

encourage our chick to start calling as well. I gave the owner as much information as possible and

headed home to see what news the night might bring. A nervous night to be sure, but sometimes the spirits of nature smile on us all! The homeowner

called to say that the parents had responded to the recordings. I drove over and saw the chick in the nest

looking healthy and active. And it was accompanied in the nest by the greatest sight of all — LUNCH!

The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to do so. 4. What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according to paragraph 1?

A. Efforts made in vain. B. Getting injured in his work.



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


C. Feeling uncertain about his future. D. Creatures forced out of their homes. 5. Why was the author called to Muttontown?

A. To rescue a woman. B. To take care of a woman. C. To look at a baby owl. D. To cure a young owl. 6. What made the chick calm down?

A. A new nest. B. Some food. C. A recording. D. Its parents. 7. How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?

A. It’s unexpected. B. It’s beautiful. C. It’s humorous. D. It’s discouraging. C

Some of the world’s most famous musicians recently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to

celebrate the first annual International Jazz Day. UNESCO(United Nations Educational, Scientific and

Cultural Organization) recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness of jazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying(联合) voice across cultures. Despite the celebrations, though, in the U.S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music has failed to connect with younger generations. It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that. As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran

hopes to widen the audience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history and

culture. "Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite," Moran tells National Public

Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. "What I’m hoping to accomplish is that my generation and younger start

to reconsider and understand that jazz is not black and white anymore. It’s actually color, and it’s

actually digital."

Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that the entertainment aspect of the music has

been lost. "The music can’t be presented today the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move, because the way the world works is not the same," says Moran. Last year, Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’s music for a dance party, "just to

kind of put it back in the mind that Waller is dance music as much as it is concert music," says

Moran. "For me, it’s the recontextualization. In music, where does the emotion(情感) lie? Are we, as

humans, gaining any insight(感悟) on how to talk about ourselves and how something as abstract as a

Charlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and our thoughts? Sometimes we lose

sight that the music has a wider context," says Moran, "so I want to continue those dialogues. Those

are the things I want to foster."

8. Why did UNESCO set April 30 as International Jazz Day?

A. To remember the birth of jazz. B. To protect cultural diversity. C. To encourage people to study music. D. To recognize the value of jazz. 9. What does the underlined word "that" in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Jazz becoming more accessible. B. The production of jazz growing faster. C. Jazz being less popular with the young. D. The jazz audience becoming larger. 10. What can we infer about Moran’s opinion on jazz?

A. It will disappear gradually. B. It remains black and white. C. It should keep up with the times. D. It changes every 50 years. 11. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

A. Exploring the Future of Jazz B. The Rise and Fall of Jazz

C. The Story of a Jazz Musician D. Celebrating the Jazz Day


A build-it-yourself solar still(蒸馏器) is one of the best ways to obtain drinking water in areas

where the liquid is not readily available. Developed by two doctors in the U.S. Department of

Agriculture, it’s an excellent water collector. Unfortunately, you must carry the necessary equipment

with you, since it’s all but impossible to find natural substitutes. The only components required, though, are a 5' 5' sheet of clear or slightly milky plastic, six feet of plastic tube, and a container — perhaps

just a drinking cup — to catch the water. These pieces can be folded into a neat little pack and fastened

on your belt. To construct a working still, use a sharp stick or rock to dig a hole four feet across and three feet


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


deep. Try to make the hole in a damp area to increase the water catcher’s productivity. Place your cup in

the deepest part of the hole. Then lay the tube in place so that one end rests all the way in the cup and the

rest of the line runs up — and out — the side of the hole. Next, cover the hole with the plastic sheet, securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting

the sheet’s center down with a rock. The plastic should now form a cone(圆锥体) with 45-degree-angled

sides. The low point of the sheet must be centered directly over, and no more than three inches above, the cup. The solar still works by creating a greenhouse under the plastic. Ground water evaporates(蒸发)

and collects on the sheet until small drops of water form, run down the material and fall off into the cup. When the container is full, you can suck the refreshment out through the tube, and won’t have to break

down the still every time you need a drink. 12. What do we know about the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?

A. It’s delicate. B. It’s expensive. C. It’s complex. D. It’s portable. 13. What does the underlined phrase "the water catcher" in paragraph 2 refer to?

A. The tube. B. The still. C. The hole. D. The cup. 14. What is the last step of constructing a working solar still?

A. Dig a hole of a certain size. B. Put the cup in place. C. Weight the sheet’s center down. D. Cover the hole with the plastic sheet. 15. When a solar still works, drops of water come into the cup from . A. the plastic tube B. outside the hole

C. the open air D. beneath the sheet

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


If anyone had told me three years ago that I would be spending most of my weekends camping, I

would have laughed heartily. Campers, in my eyes, were people who enjoyed insect bites, ill-cooked

meals, and uncomfortable sleeping bags. They had nothing in common with me. 16

The friends who introduced me to camping thought that it meant to be a pioneer. 17 We

slept in a tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked a long distance to take the shower and use the

bathroom. This brief visit with Mother Nature cost me two days off from work, recovering from a bad

case of sunburn and the doctor’s bill for my son’s food poisoning. I was, nevertheless, talked into going on another fun-filled holiday in the wilderness. 18

Instead, we had a pop-up camper with comfortable beds and an air conditioner. My nature-loving friends

had remembered to bring all the necessities of life. 19 We have done a lot of it since. Recently, we bought a twenty-eight-foot travel trailer

complete with a bathroom and a built-in TV set. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with a

refrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains. 20 It must be true that sooner or later, everyone finds his or her way back to nature. I

recommend that you find your way in style. A. This time there was no tent. B. Things are going to be improved. C. The trip they took me on was a rough one. D. I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however. E. I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping. F. After the trip, my family became quite interested in camping. G. There was no shade as the trees were no more than 3 feet tall.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

While high school does not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life, college

sets the stage for that exploration. I myself went through this 21 process and found something

that has changed my 22 at college for the better: I discovered ASL — American Sign

Language(美式手语). I never felt an urge to 23 any sign language before. My entire family is hearing, and so are

all my friends. The 24 languages were enough in all my interactions(交往). Little did I know

that I would discover my 25 for ASL. The 26 began during my first week at college. I watched as the ASL Club 27 their

translation of a song. Both the hand movements and the very 28 of communicating without


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


speaking 29 me. What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the

30 . This newness just left me 31 more. After that, feeling the need to 32 further, I decided to drop in on one of ASL Club’s

meetings. I only learned how to 33 the alphabet that day. Yet instead of being discouraged by

my 34 progress, I was excited. I then made it a point to 35 those meetings and learn all

I could. The following term, I 36 an ASL class. The professor was deaf and any talking was

37 . I soon realized that the silence was not unpleasant. 38 , if there had been any talking, it

would have 39 us to learn less. Now, I appreciate the silence and the 40 way of

communication it opens. 21. A. searching B. planning C. natural D. formal

22. A. progress B. experience C. major D. opinion

23. A. choose B. read C. learn D. create

24. A. official B. foreign C. body D. spoken

25. A. love B. concern C. goal D. request

26. A. meeting B. trip C. story D. task

27. A. recorded B. performed C. recited D. discussed

28. A. idea B. amount C. dream D. reason

29. A. disturbed B. supported C. embarrassed D. attracted

30. A. end B. past C. course D. distance

31. A. showing B. acting C. saying D. wanting

32. A. exercise B. explore C. express D. explain

33. A. print B. write C. sign D. count

34. A. slow B. steady C. normal D. obvious

35. A. chair B. sponsor C. attend D. organize

36. A. missed B. passed C. gave up D. registered for

37. A. prohibited B. welcomed C. ignored D. repeated

38. A. Lastly B. Thus C. Instead D. However

39. A. required B. caused C. allowed D. expected

40. A. easy B. popular C. quick D. new

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

There has been a recent trend in the food service industry toward lower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界) 41 a method of fighting heart

disease, has had some unintended side 42 (effect) such as overweight and heart disease — the

very thing the medical community was trying to fight. Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are required 43 (process) the food that

we eat, to recover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt 44

(remove) from food, the food tastes as if it is missing something. As 45 result, people will eat

more food to try to make up for that something missing. Even 46 (bad), the amount of fast food

that people eat goes up. Fast food 47 (be) full of fat and salt; by 48 (eat) more fast food

people will get more salt and fat than they need in their diet. Having enough fat and salt in your meals will reduce the urge to snack(吃点心)between meals and

will improve the taste of your food. However, be 49 (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything, it is possible to have too much of both, 50 is not good for the health.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,正在教你的英国朋友 Leslie 学习汉语。请你写封邮件告知下次上课的计划。内容






1. 词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。







信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjoy speaking

Shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our Globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. Please come and join us. National Theatre of China Beijing | Chinese

This great occasion( 盛 会 )will be the National Theatre of China’s first visit to the UK. The

company’s productions show the new face of 21st century Chinese theatre. This production of

Shakespeare’s Richard Ⅲ will be directed by the National’s Associate Director, Wang Xiaoying. Date & Time: Saturday 28 April, 2.30pm & Sunday 29 April, 1.30pm & 6.30pm

Marjanishvili Theatre Tbilisi | Georgian

One of the most famous theatres in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly

at theatre festivals all over the world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed(指导) by the

company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze. Date & Time: Friday 18 May, 2.30pm & Saturday 19 May, 7.30pm

Deafinitely Theatre London | British Sign Language(BSL)

By translating the rich and humourous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theatre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge

between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience. Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May, 2.30pm & Wednesday 23 May,7.30pm

Habima National Theatre Tel Aviv | Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theatre worldwide. Founded in Moscow after the

1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s. Since 1958, they have

been recognised as the national theatre of Israel. This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of

Venice marks their first visit to the UK. Date & Time: Monday 28 May, 7.30pm & Tuesday 29 May, 7.30pm

1. Which play will be performed by the National Theatre of China?

A. Richard Ⅲ. B. Love’s Labour’s Lost. C. As You Like It. D. The Merchant of Venice. 2. What is special about Deafinitely Theatre?

A. It has two groups of actors. B. It is the leading theatre in London. C. It performs plays in BSL. D. It is good at producing comedies. 3. When can you see a play in Hebrew?

A. On Saturday 28 April. B. On Sunday 29 April. C. On Tuesday 22 May. D. On Tuesday 29 May. B

I first met Paul Newman in 1968, when George Roy Hill, the director of Butch Cassidy

and the Sundance Kid, introduced us in New York City. When the studio didn’t want me for the film —

it wanted somebody as well known as Paul — he stood up for me. I don’t know how many people would

have done that; they would have listened to their agents or the studio powers. The friendship that grew out of the experience of making that film and The Sting four years later

had its root in the fact that although there was an age difference, we both came from a tradition of

theater and live TV. We were respectful of craft(技艺) and focused on digging into the characters we

were going to play. Both of us had the qualities and virtues that are typical of American actors:

humorous, aggressive, and making fun of each other — but always with an underlying affection. Those

were also at the core(核心) of our relationship off the screen. We shared the belief that if you’re fortunate enough to have success, you should put something back — he with his Newman’s Own food and his Hole in the Wall camps for kids who are seriously ill, and

me with Sundance and the institute and the festival. Paul and I didn’t see each other all that regularly, but sharing that brought us together. We supported each other financially and by showing up at events. I last saw him a few months ago. He’d been in and out of the hospital. He and I both knew what the

deal was, and we didn’t talk about it. Ours was a relationship that didn’t need a lot of words.



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


4. Why was the studio unwilling to give the role to the author at first?

A. Paul Newman wanted it. B. The studio powers didn’t like his agent. C. He wasn’t famous enough. D. The director recommended someone else. 5. Why did Paul and the author have a lasting friendship?

A. They were of the same age. B. They worked in the same theater. C. They were both good actors. D. They had similar characteristics. 6. What does the underlined word \"that\" in paragraph 3 refer to?

A. Their belief. B. Their care for children. C. Their success. D. Their support for each other. 7. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text?

A. To show his love of films. B. To remember a friend. C. To introduce a new movie. D. To share his acting experience. C

Terrafugia Inc. said Monday that its new flying car has completed its first flight, bringing the

company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year. The vehicle — named the

Transition — has two seats, four wheels and wings that fold up so it can be driven like a car. The

Transition, which flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes last month, can reach around 70 miles per hour on

the road and 115 in the air. It flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and burns 5 gallons per hour in the air. On the ground, it gets 35 miles per gallon. Around 100 people have already put down a $10,000 deposit to get a Transition when they go on

sale, and those numbers will likely rise after Terrafugia introduces the Transition to the public later this

week at the New York Auto Show. But don’t expect it to show up in too many driveways. It’s expected

to cost $279,000. And it won’t help if you’re stuck in traffic. The car needs a runway. Inventors have been trying to make flying cars since the 1930s, according to Robert Mann, an

airline industry expert. But Mann thinks Terrafugia has come closer than anyone to making the flying

car a reality. The government has already permitted the company to use special materials to make it

easier for the vehicle to fly. The Transition is now going through crash tests to make sure it meets federal

safety standards. Mann said Terrafugia was helped by the Federal Aviation Administration’s decision five years ago

to create a separate set of standards for light sport aircraft, which are lower than those for pilots of larger

planes. Terrafugia says an owner would need to pass a test and complete 20 hours of flying time to be

able to fly the Transition, a requirement pilots would find relatively easy to meet. 8. What is the first paragraph mainly about?

A. The basic data of the Transition. B. The advantages of flying cars. C. The potential market for flying cars. D. The designers of the Transition. 9. Why is the Transition unlikely to show up in too many driveways?

A. It causes traffic jams. B. It is difficult to operate. C. It is very expensive. D. It burns too much fuel. 10. What is the government’s attitude to the development of the flying car?

A. Cautious. B. Favorable. C. Ambiguous. D. Disapproving. 11. What is the best title for the text?

A. Flying Car at Auto Show

B. The Transition’s First Flight

C. Pilots’ Dream Coming True

D. Flying Car Closer to Reality


When a leafy plant is under attack, it doesn’t sit quietly. Back in 1983, two scientists, Jack Schultz

and Ian Baldwin, reported that young maple trees getting bitten by insects send out a particular smell

that neighboring plants can get. These chemicals come from the injured parts of the plant and seem to be

an alarm. What the plants pump through the air is a mixture of chemicals known as volatile organic

compounds, VOCs for short. Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked. It’s a plant’s way

of crying out. But is anyone listening? Apparently. Because we can watch the neighbors react. Some plants pump out smelly chemicals to keep insects away. But others do double duty. They

pump out perfumes designed to attract different insects who are natural enemies to the attackers. Once

they arrive, the tables are turned. The attacker who was lunching now becomes lunch. In study after study, it appears that these chemical conversations help the neighbors. The damage is

usually more serious on the first plant, but the neighbors, relatively speaking, stay safer because they


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


heard the alarm and knew what to do. Does this mean that plants talk to each other? Scientists don’t know. Maybe the first plant just made

a cry of pain or was sending a message to its own branches, and so, in effect, was talking to itself. Perhaps the neighbors just happened to \"overhear\" the cry. So information was exchanged, but it wasn’t

a true, intentional back and forth. Charles Darwin, over 150 years ago, imagined a world far busier, noisier and more intimate(亲密的)

than the world we can see and hear. Our senses are weak. There’s a whole lot going on. 12. What does a plant do when it is under attack?

A. It makes noises. B. It gets help from other plants. C. It stands quietly. D. It sends out certain chemicals. 13. What does the author mean by \"the tables are turned\" in paragraph 3?

A. The attackers get attacked. B. The insects gather under the table. C. The plants get ready to fight back. D. The perfumes attract natural enemies. 14. Scientists find from their studies that plants can . A. predict natural disasters

B. protect themselves against insects

C. talk to one another intentionally

D. help their neighbors when necessary

15. What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A. The world is changing faster than ever. B. People have stronger senses than before. C. The world is more complex than it seems. D. People in Darwin’s time were more imaginative.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Interruptions are one of the worst things to deal with while you’re trying to get work done. 16 ,

there are several ways to handle things. Let’s take a look at them now. 17 . Tell the person you’re sorry and explain that you have a million things to do and then

ask if the two of you can talk at a different time. When people try to interrupt you, have set hours planned and let them know to come back during

that time or that you’ll find them then. 18 . It can help to eliminate(消除)future interruptions. When you need to talk to someone, don’t do it in your own office. 19 , it’s much easier to

excuse yourself to get back to your work than if you try to get someone out of your space even after

explaining how busy you are. If you have a door to your office, make good use of it. 20 . If someone knocks and it’s not

an important matter, excuse yourself and let the person know you’re busy so they can get the hint(暗

示)that when the door is closed, you’re not to be disturbed. A. If you’re busy, don’t feel bad about saying no

B. When you want to avoid interruptions at work

C. Set boundaries for yourself as far as your time goes

D. If you’re in the other person’s office or in a public area

E. It’s important that you let them know when you’ll be available

F. It might seem unkind to cut people short when they interrupt you

G. Leave it open when you’re available to talk and close it when you’re not

二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In 1973, I was teaching elementary school. Each day, 27 kids 21 \"The Thinking

Laboratory.\"That was the 22 students voted for after deciding that \"Room 104\" was too 23 . Freddy was an average 24 , but not an average person. He had the rare balance of fun and

compassion(同情). He would 25 the loudest over fun and be the saddest over anyone’s 26 . Before the school year 27 , I gave the kids a special 28 , T-shirts with the words \"Verbs Are

Your 29 \" on them. I had advised the kids that while verbs (动词)may seem dull, most of the 30

things they do throughout their lives will be verbs. Through the years, I’d run into former students who would provide 31 on old classmates. I

learned that Freddy did several jobs after his 32 from high school and remained the same 33


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


person I met forty years before. Once, while working overnight at a store, he let a homeless man 34

in his truck. Another time, he 35 a friend money to buy a house. Just last year, I was 36 a workshop when someone knocked at the classroom door. A

woman 37 the interruption and handed me an envelope. I stopped teaching and 38 it up. Inside

were the \"Verbs\" shirt and a 39 from Freddy’s mother. \"Freddy passed away on Thanksgiving. He

wanted you to have this.\"

I told the story to the class. As sad as it was, I couldn’t help smiling. Although Freddy was taken

from us, we all 40 something from Freddy. 21. A. built B. entered C. decorated D. ran

22. A.name B. rule C. brand D. plan

23. A. small B. dark C. strange D. dull

24. A. scholar B. student C. citizen D. worker

25. A. speak B. sing C. question D. laugh

26. A. misfortune B. disbelief C. dishonesty D. mistake

27. A. changed B. approached C. returned D. ended

28. A. lesson B. gift C. report D. message

29. A. Friends B. Awards C. Masters D. Tasks

30. A. simple B. unique C. fun D. clever

31. A. assessments B. comments C. instructions D. updates

32. A. graduation B. retirement C. separation D. resignation

33. A. daring B. modest C. caring D. smart

34. A. wait B. sleep C. study D. live

35. A. paid B. charged C. lent D. owed

36. A. observing B. preparing C. designing D. conducting

37. A. regretted B. avoided C. excused D. ignored

38. A. opened B. packed C. gave D. held

39. A. picture B. bill C. note D. diary

40. A. chose B. took C. expected D. borrowed

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In 1863 the first underground passenger railway in the world opened in London. It ran for just under

seven kilometers and allowed people to avoid terrible 41 (crowd) on the roads above as they

travelled to and 42 work. It took three years to complete and was built using an interesting method. This included digging up the road, 43 (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over 44

top. When all those had been done, the road surface was replaced. Steam engines 45 (use) to pull the carriages and it must have been 46 (fair)unpleasant for

the passengers, with all the smoke and noise. However, the railway quickly proved to be a great success

and within six months, more than 25,000 people were using 47 every day. Later, engineers 48 (manage) to construct railways in a system of deep tunnels (隧道), which

became known as the Tube. This development was only possible with the 49 (introduce) of

electric-powered engines and lifts. The Central London Railway was one of the most 50 (success) of

these new lines, and was opened in 1900. It had white-painted tunnels and bright red carriages, and

proved extremely popular with the public.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,想邀请外教 Henry 一起参观中国剪纸(paper-cutting)艺术展。请给他写封邮件,





1.词数 100 左右;











信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


San Francisco Fire Engine Tours

San Francisco Winery Tour

Running: February 1st through April 30th

This delicious tour goes through the city on its way to Treasure Island where we will stop at the

famous Winery SF. Here you can enjoy 4 pours of some of the best wine San Francisco has to

offer.(Included in tickets price)

Departing from the Cannery: Tour times upon request. Duration(时长): 2 hours Price: $90

Back to the Fifties Tour

Running: August 16th through August 31st

This tour transports you back in time to one of San Francisco’s most fantastic periods, the 1950s!

Enjoy fun history as we take you through San Francisco for a free taste of ice cream. Departing from the Cannery: 5:00 pm and 7:30 pm

Duration: 2 hours Price: $90

Spooky Halloween Tour

Running: October 10th through October 31st

Join us for a ride through the historical Presidio district. Authentic fire gear(服装) is provided for

your warmth as our entertainers take you to some of the most thrilling parts of San Francisco. Departing from the Cannery: 6:30 pm and 8:30 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes Price: Available upon request

Holiday Lights Tour

Running: December 6th through December 23rd

This attractive tour takes you to some of San Francisco’s most cheerful holiday scenes. Authentic

fire gear is provided for your warmth as you get into the holiday spirit. Departing from the Cannery: 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm

Duration: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Advance reservations required. 1. Which of the tours is available in March?

A. San Francisco Winery Tour. B. Back to the Fifties Tour. C. Spooky Hallowen Tour. D. Holiday Lights Tour. 2. What can tourists do on Back to the Fifties Tours?

A. Go to Treasure Island. B. Enjoy the holiday scenes. C. Have free ice cream. D. Visit the Presidio district. 3. What are tourists required to do to go on Holiday Lights Tour?

A. Take some drinks. B. Set off early in the morning. C. Wear warm clothes. D. Make reservations in advance. B

Minutes after the last movie ended yesterday at the Plaza Theater, employees were busy sweeping

up popcorns and gathering coke cups. It was a scene that had been repeated many times in the theater’s

75-year history. This time, however, the cleanup was a little different. As one group of workers carried

out the rubbish, another group began removing seats and other theater equipment in preparation for the

building’s end. The film classic The Last Picture Show was the last movie shown in the old theater. Though the

movie is 30 years old, most of the 250 seats were filled with teary-eyed audience wanting to say

good-bye to the old building. Theater owner Ed Bradford said he chose the movie because it seemed

appropriate. The movie is set in a small town where the only movie theater is preparing to close down. Bradford said that large modern theaters in the city made it impossible for the Plaza to compete. He

added that the theater’s location(位置) was also a reason. "This used to be the center of town," he

said. "Now the area is mostly office buildings and warehouses."

Last week some city officials suggested the city might be interested in turning the old theater into a



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


museum and public meeting place. However, these plans were abandoned because of financial problems. Bradford sold the building and land to a local development firm, which plans to build a shopping

complex on the land where the theater is located. The theater audience said good-bye as Bradford locked the doors for the last time. After 75 years the

Plaza Theater had shown its last movie. The theater will be missed. 4. In what way was yesterday’s cleanup at the Plaza special?

A. It made room for new equipment. B. It signaled the closedown of the theater. C. It was done with the help of the audience. D. It marked the 75th anniversary of the theater. 5. Why was The Last Picture Show put on?

A. It was an all-time classic. B. It was about the history of the town. C. The audience requested it. D. The theater owner found it suitable. 6. What will probably happen to the building?

A. It will be repaired. B. It will be turned into a museum. C. It will be knocked down. D. It will be sold to the city government. 7. What can we infer about the audience?

A. They are disappointed with Bradford. B. They are sad to part with the old theater. C. They are supportive of the city officials. D. They are eager to have a shopping center. C

After years of heated debate, gray wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Fourteen wolves were caught in Canada and transported to the park. By last year, the Yellowstone wolf

population had grown to more than 170 wolves. Gray wolves once were seen here and there in the Yellowstone area and much of the continental

United States, but they were gradually displaced by human development. By the 1920s, wolves had

practically disappeared from the Yellowstone area. They went farther north into the deep forests of

Canada, where there were fewer humans around. The disappearance of the wolves had many unexpected results. Deer and elk populations — major

food sources (来源) for the wolf — grew rapidly. These animals consumed large amounts of vegetation

(植被), which reduced plant diversity in the park. In the absence of wolves, coyote populations also grew

quickly. The coyotes killed a large percentage of the park’s red foxes, and completely drove away the

park’s beavers.

As early as 1966, biologists asked the government to consider reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone

Park. They hoped that wolves would be able to control the elk and coyote problems. Many farmers

opposed the plan because they feared that wolves would kill their farm animals or pets. The government spent nearly 30 years coming up with a plan to reintroduce the wolvers. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service carefully monitors and manages the wolf packs in Yellowstone. Today, the

debate continues over how well the gray wolf is fitting in at Yellowstone. Elk, deer, and coyote

populations are down, while beavers and red foxes have made a comeback. The Yellowstone wolf

project has been a valuable experiment to help biologists decide whether to reintroduce wolves to other

parts of the country as well. 8. What is the text mainly about?

A. Wildlife research in the United States. B. Plant diversity in the Yellowstone area. C. The conflict between farmers and gray wolves.D. The reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone

Park. 9. What does the underlined word "displaced" in paragraph 2 mean?

A. Tested. B. Separated. C. Forced out. D. Tracked down. 10. What did the disappearance of gray wolves bring about?

A. Damage to local ecology. B. A decline in the park’s income. C. Preservation of vegetation. D. An increase in the variety of animals. 11. What is the author’s attitude towards the Yellowstone wolf project?

A. Doubtful. B. Positive. C. Disapproving. D. Uncaring. D

The Intelligent Transport team at Newcastle University have turned an electric car into a mobile

laboratory named "DriveLAB" in order to understand the challenges faced by older drivers and to

discover where the key stress points are. Research shows that giving up driving is one of the key reasons for a fall in health and well-being

among older people, leading to them becoming more isolated(隔绝) and inactive. Led by Professor Phil Blythe, the Newcastle team are developing in-vehicle technologies for older

drivers which they hope could help them to continue driving into later life. These include custom-made navigation( 导 航 ) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed

adaptations. Phil Blythe explains: "For many older people, particularly those living alone or in the


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


country, driving is important for preserving their independence, giving them the freedom to get out and

about without having to rely on others."

"But we all have to accept that as we get older our reactions slow down and this often results in

people avoiding any potentially challenging driving conditions and losing confidence in their driving

skills. The result is that people stop driving before they really need to."

Dr Amy Guo, the leading researcher on the older driver study, explains: "The DriveLAB is helping

us to understand what the key points and difficulties are for older drivers and how we might use

technology to address these problems. " For example, most of us would expect older drivers always go slower than everyone else but

surprisingly, we found that in 30mph zones they struggled to keep at a constant speed and so were more

likely to break the speed limit and be at risk of getting fined. We’re looking at the benefits of systems

which control their speed as a way of preventing that. "We hope that our work will help with technological solutions(解决方案) to ensure that older

drivers stay safer behind the wheel."

12. What is the purpose of the DriveLAB?

A. To explore new means of transport. B. To design new types of cars. C. To find out older driver’s problems. D. To teach people traffic rules. 13. Why is driving important for older people according to Phil Blythe?

A. It keeps them independent. B. It helps them save time. C. It builds up their strength. D. It cures their mental illnesses. 14. What do researchers hope to do for older drivers?

A. Improve their driving skills. B. Develop driver-assist technologies. C. Provide tips on repairing their cars. D. Organize regular physical checkups. 15. What is the best title for the text?

A. A new Model Electric Car B. A Solution to Traffic Problems

C. Driving Services for Elders D. Keeping Older Drivers on the Road

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Lots of people find it hard to get up in the morning, and put the blame on the alarm clock. In fact, the key to easy morning wake-up lies in resting your body clock. 16 Here’s how to make one.

● 17 In order to make a change, you need to decide why it’s important. Do you want to

get up in time to have breakfast with your family, get in some exercise, or just be better prepared for

your day? Once you are clear about your reasons, tell your family or roommates about the change you

want to make. ● Rethink mornings. Now that you know why you want to wake up, consider re-arranging your

morning activities. If you want time to have breakfast with your family, save some time the night before

by setting out clothes, shoes, and bags. 18 That’s a quarter-hour more you could be sleeping if you

bought a coffee maker with a timer. ● Keep your sleep/wake schedule on weekends. If you’re tired out by Friday night, sleeping in on

Saturday could sound wonderful. But compensating on the weekends actually feeds into your sleepiness

the following week, a recent study found. 19

● Keep a record and evaluate it weekly. Keep track of your efforts and write down how you feel. After you’ve tried a new method for a week, take a look at your record. 20 If not, take another

look at other methods you could try. A. Get a sleep specialist. B. Find the right motivation. C. A better plan for sleep can help. D. And consider setting a second alarm. E. If the steps you take are working, keep it up. F. Stick to your set bedtime and wake-up time, no matter the day. G. Reconsider the 15 minutes you spend in line at the cafe to get coffee.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A Toronto man is offering a free round-the-world air ticket to the right woman. But 21 apply. You must be named Elizabeth Gallagher and have a Canadian 22 . Jordan Axani, 28, said he and his then girlfriend, Elizabeth Gallagher, booked heavily discounted

round-the-world air tickets in May, but their 23 ended and he did not want her ticket to 24 . The ticket had a strict no-transfer(不可转让) 25 , but since passport information was not required

when 26 , any Canadian Elizabeth Gallagher can 27 it.


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


"I just want to see the ticket go to good use and for someone to 28 a lot of joy," said Axani. He posted his 29 on a social networking website, and received thousands of e-mails, including

thirty from actual Elizabeth Gallaghers with the 30 passports. " More 31 , there are

hundreds of Canadians who are interested in 32 their name to Elizabeth Gallagher," Axani said. "

It was absolutely out of 33 , thousands of e-mails, people around the world 34 their stories of


Axani wrote in his post that he is not 35 anything in return and that the woman who uses the

36 ticket can choose to either travel with him or 37 the ticket and travel on her own. The 38 is scheduled to start on December 21 in New York City and continue on to Milan, Prague, Paris, Bangkok and New Delhi before 39 in Toronto on January 8. He said the 40

woman will be announced on the website and the trip will be shared online. 21. A. benefits B. deposits C. restrictions D. examinations

22. A. origin B. passport C. accent D. friend

23. A. holiday B. marriage C. dream D. relationship

24. A. go to waste B. come to mind C. go on sale D. come into effect

25. A. policy B. order C. payment D. schedule

26. A. applying B. booking C. checking D. bargaining

27. A. use B. borrow C. choose D. buy

28. A. sacrifice B. express C. experience D. provide

29. A. answer B. advice C. offer D. comment

30. A. same B. right C. new D. real

31. A. interesting B. annoying C. satisfying D. convincing

32. A. writing B. giving C. lending D. changing

33. A. touch B. question C. date D. control

34. A. admiring B. advertising C. sharing D. doubting

35. A. leaving B. looking for C. losing D. dealing with

36. A. single B. strange C. regular D. extra

37. A. return B. take C. reserve D. hide

38. A. interview B. program C. trip D. meeting

39. A. ending B. calling C. repeating D. staying

40. A. honored B. lovely C. intelligent D. lucky

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

She looks like any other schoolgirl, fresh-faced and full of life. Sarah Thomas is looking forward to

the challenge of her new A-level course. But unlike her school friends, 16-year-old Sarah is not

spending half-term 41 (rest). Instead, she is earning £6,500 a day as 42 model in New

York. Sarah 43 (tell) that she could be Britain’s new supermodel, earning a million dollars in the

next year. Her father Peter, 44, wants her to give up school to model full-time. But Sarah, 44 has

taken part in shows along with top models, wants 45 (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. She is determined to carry on with her 46 (educate). She has turned down several 47 (invitation) to star at shows in order to concentrate on her

studies. After school she plans to take a year off to model full-time before going to university to get a

degree 48 engineering or architecture. Sarah says, "My dad thinks I should take the offer now. But at the moment, school 49 (come)

first. I don’t want to get too absorbed in modeling. It is 50 (certain) fun but the lifestyle is a little

unreal. I don’t want to have nothing else to fall back on when I can’t model any more."

三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华。你所在的校乒乓球队正在招收新队员。请给你的留学生朋友 Eric 写封邮件邀请他


1. 球队活动;

2. 报名方式及截止日期。


1. 词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。






信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the

outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams (1860-1935)

Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank Addans helped the

poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community( 社 区 )by creating shelters and

promoting education and services for people in need In 1931,Addams became the first American woman

to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Rachel Carson (1907-1964)

If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular

1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of

chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans. Sandra Day O’Connor (1930-present)

When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could

not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员)

and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in

many important cases during her 24 years on the top court. Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

On December 1,1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to

a white passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired

of giving in,” said Parks. 1. What is Jane Addams noted for in history?

A. Her social work. B. Her teaching skills. C. Her efforts to win a prize. D. Her community background. 2. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

A. Her lack of proper training in law. B. Her little work experience in court. C. The discrimination against women. D. The poor financial conditions. 3. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

A. Jane Addams. B. Rachel Carson. C. Sandra Day O’Connor. D. Rosa Parks. 4. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

A. They are highly educated. B. They are truly creative. C. They are pioneers. D. They are peace-lovers. B

Grandparents Answer a Call

As a third generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never pleased move away. Even

when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help with their children, she politely

refused. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Gaf finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move to a success, giving them a closer relationship than they

would have had in separate cities. No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to adult children

and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s

mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and into the White House to help care for

her granddaughters. According to a study grandparents com. 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson ‘s decision will influence grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more

families will follow the example of Obama’s family. “In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough

to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby, publisher of Grand, a magazine for



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


grandparents. We now realize how important family is and how important it is to be near them, especially when you’re raining children.” Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and

is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having

your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the

life you know may be harder. 5. Why was Garza’s move a success?

A.It strengthened her family ties. B.It improved her living conditions. C.It enabled her make more friends. D.It helped her know more new places. 6. What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?

A.17% expressed their support for it. B.Few people responded sympathetically. C.83% believed it had a bad influence. D.The majority thought it was a trend. 7. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

A.They were unsure of themselves. B.They were eager to raise more children. C.They wanted to live away from their parents. D.They had little respect for their grandparent. 8. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the last paragraph?

A. Make decisions in the best interests of their own

B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them

C. Sacrifice for their struggling children

D. Get to know themselves better


I am peter Hodes, a volunteer stem cell courier. Since March 2012, I've done 89 trips of those , 51

have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice

packs and that's how long they last, in all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献

者 ) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always

conscious of time. I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in

Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived

at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said:”Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad

news for you-there are no fights from Washington.”So I took my box and put it on the desk and I

said:”In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient-please, please, you’ve got to

get me back to the United Kingdom.”She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small

plane to be held for me.re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than

originally scheduled. For this courier job, you’re consciously aware than that box you’ve got something that is

potentially going to save somebody’s life. 9. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph1?

A provider B delivery man C collector D medical doctor

10. Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42 hours?

A. He cannot stay away from his job too long. B. The donor can only wait for that long. C. The operation needs that much time. D. The ice won't last any longer. 11. Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?

A. To London B. To Newark

C. To Providence D. To Washington


The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be

empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, uneasiness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable;

therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap( 间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural

groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.Many Native

Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some

traditional Chinese and Thai persons do.Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has

been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection. Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among

people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and

Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be

rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view

silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority. Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come

across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognize their own

personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or

allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this

understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures. 12. What does the author say about silence in conversations?

A. It implies anger. B. It promotes friendship. C. It is culture-specific D. It is content-based. 13. Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

A. The Chinese. B. The French. C. The Mexicans. D. The Russians. 14. What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?

A. Let it continue as the patient pleases. B. Break it while treating patients. C. Evaluate its harm to patients. D. Make use of its healing effects. 15. What may be the best title for the text?

A. Sound and Silence

B. What It Means to Be Silent

C. Silence to Native Americans

D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Secret codes (密码)keep messages private。Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret

codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer. People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 16 Code breaking never lags(落后) far

behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography. There are three main types of cryptography. 17 For example, the first letters of “My elephant

eats too many eels” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.” 18 You might represent each letter with a number, For example, Let’s number the letters of

the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.” A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 19 For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might

stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” 20 However, it is also

hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently. A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book. B. In any language, some letters are used more than others. C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message. D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them. E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out. F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words. G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific letters of the alphabet.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

A Heroic Driver

Larry works with Transport Drivers. Inc. One morning in 2009. Larry was 21 along 165

north after delivering to one of his 22 . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on. 23

he got closer, he found 24 vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed

25 shooting out from under the 26 vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and 27

the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


The man who had his bright lights on 28 and told Larry he had 29 an emergency

call. They 30 heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle. 31 the

vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay 32

until the emergency personnel arrived, 33 she thought the car was going to 34 . Larry

told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move 35 she injured her neck. Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man 36 and let them go to

work. Then, Larry asked the 37 if he was needed or 38 to go. They let him and the

other man go. One thing is 39 —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the

burning vehicle! His 40 most likely saved the woman’s life. 21. A. walking B. touring C.traveling D.rushing

22. A. passengers B. colleagues C. employers D. customers

23. A. Since B. Although C. As D. If

24. A. each B. another C. that D. his

25. A. flames B. smoke C. water D. steam

26. A. used B. disabled C. removed D. abandoned

27. A. got hold of B. prepared C. took charge of D. controlled

28. A. came down B. came through C. came in D. came over

29. A. returned B. received C. made D. confirmed

30. A. then B. again C. finally D. even

31. A. Starting B. Parking C. Passing D. Approaching

32. A. quiet B. still C. away D. calm

33. A. for B. so C. and D. but

34. A. explode B. slip away C. fall apart D. crash

35. A. as if B. unless C. in case D. after

36. A. stepped forward B. backed off C. moved on D. set out

37. A. woman B. police C. man D. driver

38. A. forbidden B. ready C. asked D. free

39. A. for certain B. for consideration C. reported D. checked

40. A. patience B. skills C. efforts D. promise

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for

tourists like me, pandas are its top 41 (attract). So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket

money helps pay for research, I 42 (arrow)to get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre

centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be 43 (official) given to me

at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back 44 my days on a TV show

in the mid-1980s, 45 I was the first Western TV reporter 46 (permit) to film a special unit

caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include 47

(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty

mountains of Bifengxia. On mu recent visit, I help a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by 48 (it)

mother. The nursery team switches him every few 49 (day) with his sister so that while one is

being bottle-fed, 50 other is with mum-she never suspects.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins


1.词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。










信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。



Opera at Music Hall:1243 Elm Street. The season runs June through August, with additional

performances in March and September. The Opera honors Enjoy the Arts membership discounts. Phone:

241–2742. http://www.cityopera.com. Chamber Orchestra: The Orchestra plays at Memorial Hall at 1406 Elm Street, which offers

several concerts from March through June. Call 723–1182 for more information. http://www.chamberorch.com. Symphony Orchestra: At Music Hall and Riverbend. For ticket sales, call 381–3300. Regular

season runs September through May at Music Hall and in summer at Riverbend. http://www.symphony.org/home.asp. College Conservatory of Music (CCM): Performances are on the main campus( 校园 ) of the

university, usually at Patricia Cobbett Theater. CCM organizes a variety of events, including

performances by the well-known LaSalle Quartet, CCM’s Philharmonic Orchestra, and various groups

of musicians presenting Baroque through modern music. Students with I.D. cards can attend the events

for free. A free schedule of events for each term is available by calling the box office at 556–4183. http://www.ccm.uc.edu/events/calendar. Riverbend Music Theater: 6295 Kellogg Ave. Large outdoor theater with the closest seats under

cover (price difference). Big name shows all summer long! Phone: 232–6220. http:///www.riverbendmusic.com. 1. Which number should you call if you want to see an opera?

A. 241–2742. B. 723–1182. C. 381–3300. D. 232–6220. 2. When can you go to a concert by Chamber Orchestra?

A. February. B. May. C. August. D. November. 3. Where can student go for free performances with their I.D. cards?

A. Music Hall. B. Memorial Hall. C. Patricia Cobbett Theater. D. Riverbend Music Theater. 4. How is Riverbend Music Theater different from the other places?

A. It has seats in the open air. B. It gives shows all year round. C. It offers membership discounts. D. It presents famous musical works. B

On one of her trips to New York several years ago, Eudora Welty decided to take a couple of New

York friends out to dinner. They settled in at a comfortable East Side cafe and within minutes, another

customer was approaching their table. "Hey, aren’t you from Mississippi?"the elegant, white-haired writer remembered being asked by

the stranger. "I’m from Mississippi too."

Without a second thought, the woman joined the Welty party. When her dinner partner showed up, she also pulled up a chair. "They began telling me all the news of Mississippi," Welty said. "I didn’t know what my New

York friends were thinking."

Taxis on a rainy New York night are rarer than sunshine. By the time the group got up to leave, it

was pouring outside. Welty’s new friends immediately sent a waiter to find a cab. Heading back

downtown toward her hotel, her big-city friends were amazed at the turn of events that had changed their

Big Apple dinner into a Mississippi state reunion(团聚). "My friend said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’" Welty added. "And I said: ‘Now you know. These are the people that make me write them.’"

Sitting on a sofa in her room, Welty, a slim figure in a simple gray dress, looked pleased with this

explanation. "I don’t make them up," she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years."I don’t



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


have to."

Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty’s people come from

afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment(片段) of a particularly interesting story. 5. What happened when Welty was with her friends at the cafe?

A. Two strangers joined her. B. Her childhood friends came in. C. A heavy rain ruined the dinner. D. Some people held a party there. 6. The underlined word "them" in Paragraph 6 refers to Welty’s _____________. A. readers B. parties C. friends D. stories

7. What can we learn about the characters in Welty’s fiction?

A. They live in big cities. B. They are mostly women. C. They come from real life. D. They are pleasure seekers. C

If you are a fruit grower — or would like to become one — take advantage of Apple Day to see

what’ around. It’ called Apple Day but in practice it’ more like Apple Month. The Day itself is on

October 21, but since it has caught on, events now spread out over most of October around Britain. Visiting an apple event is a good chance to see, and often taste, a wide variety of apples. To people

who are used to the limited choice of apples such as Golden Delicious and Royal Gala in supermarkets, it can be quite an eye opener to see the range of classical apples still in existence, such as Decio which

was grown by the Romans. Although it doesn’t taste of anything special, it’s still worth a try, as is the

knobbly(多疙瘩的) Cat’ Head which is more of a curiosity than anything else. There are also varieties developed to suit specific local conditions. One of the very best varieties

for eating quality is Orleans Reinette, but you’ll need a warm, sheltered place with perfect soil to grow it, so it’ a pipe dream for most apple lovers who fall for it. At the events, you can meet expert growers and discuss which ones will best suit your conditions,

and because these are family affairs, children are well catered for with apple-themed fun and games. Apple Days are being held at all sorts of places with an interest in fruit, including stately gardens

and commercial orchards(果园). If you want to have a real orchard experience, try visiting the National

Fruit Collection at Brogdale, near Faversham in Kent. 8. What can people do at the apple events?

A. Attend experts’ lectures. B. Visit fruit-loving families. C. Plant fruit trees in an orchard. D. Taste many kinds of apples. 9. What can we learn about Decio?

A. It is a new variety. B. It has a strange look. C. It is rarely seen now. D. It has a special taste. 10. What does the underlined phrase "a pipe dream" in Paragraph 3 mean?

A. A practical idea. B. A vain hope. C. A brilliant plan. D. A selfish desire. 11. What is the author’ purpose in writing the text?

A. To show how to grow apples. B. To introduce an apple festival. C. To help people select apples. D. To promote apple research. D

Bad news sells. If it bleeds, it leads. No news is good news, and good news is no news. Those are

the classic rules for the evening broadcasts and the morning papers. But now that information is being

spread and monitored( 监 控 ) in different ways, researchers are discovering new rules. By tracking

people’s e-mails and online posts, scientists have found that good news can spread faster and farther

than disasters and sob stories. "The ‘if it bleeds’ rule works for mass media," says Jonah Berger, a scholar at the University of

Pennsylvania. "They want your eyeballs and don’t care how you’re feeling. But when you share a

story with your friends, you care a lot more how they react. You don’t want them to think of you as a

Debbie Downer."

Researchers analyzing word-of-mouth communication — e-mails, Web posts and reviews, face-to-face conversations — found that it tended to be more positive than negative(消极的), but that


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


didn’t necessarily mean people preferred positive news. Was positive news shared more often simply

because people experienced more good things than bad things? To test for that possibility, Dr. Berger

looked at how people spread a particular set of news stories: thousands of articles on The New York

Times’ website. He and a Penn colleague analyzed the "most e-mailed" list for six months. One of

his first findings was that articles in the science section were much more likely to make the list than

non-science articles. He found that science amazed Times’ readers and made them want to share this

positive feeling with others. Readers also tended to share articles that were exciting or funny, or that inspired negative feelings

like anger or anxiety, but not articles that left them merely sad. They needed to be aroused(激发) one

way or the other, and they preferred good news to bad. The more positive an article, the more likely it

was to be shared, as Dr. Berger explains in his new book, "Contagious: Why Things Catch On."

12. What do the classic rules mentioned in the text apply to?

A. News reports. B. Research papers. C. Private e-mails. D. Daily conversations. 13. What can we infer about people like Debbie Downer?

A. They’re socially inactive. B. They’re good at telling stories. C. They’re inconsiderate of others. D. They’re careful with their words. 14. Which tended to be the most e-mailed according to Dr. Berger’s research?

A. Sports news. B. Science articles. C. Personal accounts. D. Financial reviews. 15. What can be a suitable title for the text?

A. Sad Stories Travel Far and Wide. B. Online News Attracts More People. C. Reading Habits Change with the Times. D. Good News Beats Bad on Social Networks.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Everyone knows that fish is good for health. 16 But it seems that many people don’t cook

fish at home. Americans eat only about fifteen pounds of fish per person per year, but we eat twice as

much fish in restaurants as at home. Buying, storing, and cooking fish isn’t difficult. 17 This

text is about how to buy and cook fish in an easy way. 18 Fresh fish should smell sweet: you should feel that you’re standing at the ocean’s edge. Any fishy or strong smell means the fish isn’t fresh. 19 When you have bought a fish and arrive

home, you’d better store the fish in the refrigerator if you don’t cook it immediately, but fresh fish

should be stored in your fridge for only a day or two. Frozen fish isn’t as tasty as the fresh one. There are many common methods used to cook fish. 20 First, clean it and season it with

your choice of spices(调料). Put the whole fish on a plate and steam it in a steam pot for 8 to 10 minutes

if it weighs about one pound. (A larger one will take more time.) Then, it’s ready to serve. A. Do not buy it. B. The easiest is to steam it. C. This is how you can do it. D. It just requires a little knowledge. E. The fish will go bad within hours. F. When buying fish, you should first smell it. G. The fats in fish are thought to help prevent heart disease.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

When I was 13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team. That meant 21

Miller King, who was the best 22 at our school. Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out. I carried my football

everywhere for 23 . Just before September, Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm. I went to see him after he

came back from 24 . He looked very 25 , but he didn

`t cry. That season, I 26 all of Miller`s records while he 27 the home games from the

bench. We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player, 28 I often had crazy dreams in

which I was to blame for Miller’s 29 . One afternoon, I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller 30 going over a fence —

which wasn’t 31 to climb if you had both arms. I’m sure I was the last person in the world

he wanted to accept 32 from. But even that challenge he accepted. I 33 him move


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


slowly over the fence. When we were finally 34 on the other side, he said to me, " You

know, I didn’t tell you this during the season, but you did 35 .Thank you for filling in for

36 ."

His words freed me from my bad 37 . I thought to myself, how even without an arm he

was more of a leader. Damaged but not defeated, he was 38 ahead of me. I was right to have

39 him. From that day on, I grew 40 and a little more real. 21. A. cheering for B. beating out C. relying on D. staying with

22. A. coach B. student C. teacher D. player

23. A. practice B. show C. comfort D. pleasure

24. A. school B. vacation C. hospital D. training

25. A. pale B. calm C. relaxed D. ashamed

26. A. held B. broke C. set D. tried

27. A. reported B. judged C. organized D. watched

28. A. and B. then C. but D. thus

29. A. decision B. mistake C. accident D. sacrifice

30. A. stuck B. hurt C. tried D. lost

31. A. steady B. hard C. fun D. fit

32. A. praise B. advice C. assistance D. apology

33. A. let B. helped C. had D. noticed

34. A. dropped B. ready C. trapped D. safe

35. A. fine B. wrong C. quickly D. normally

36. A. us B. yourself C. me D. them

37. A. memories B. ideas C. attitudes D. dreams

38. A. still B. also C. yet D. just

39. A. challenged B. cured C. invited D. admired

40. A. healthier B. bigger C. cleverer D. cooler

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

In much of Asia, especially the so-called "rice bowl" cultures of China, Japan, Korea, 41

Vietnam, food is usually eaten with chopsticks.

Chopsticks are usually two long, thin pieces of wood or bamboo. They can also be made of plastic, animal bone or metal. Sometimes chopsticks are quite artistic. Truly elegant chopsticks might 42

(make) of gold and silver with Chinese characters. Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and

metal 43 (create) special designs. The Chinese have used chopsticks for five thousand years. People probably cooked their food in

large pots, 44 (use) twigs(树枝) to remove it. Over time, 45 the population grew, people began cutting food into small pieces so it would cook more quickly. Food in small pieces could

be eaten easily with twigs which 46 (gradual) turned into chopsticks. Some people think that the great Chinese scholar Confucius, 47 lived from roughly 551 to

479 B.C., influenced the 48 (develop) of chopsticks. Confucius believed knives would remind

people of killings and 49 (be) too violent for use at the table. Chopsticks are not used everywhere in Asia. In India, for example, most people traditionally eat

50 their hands.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,与留学生朋友 Bob 约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他写封邮件,内容包括:

1. 表示歉意;

2. 说明原因;

3. 另约时间。


1. 词数 100 左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。










信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


College offers you many academic freedoms. You can develop existing passions and explore new

interests—and find a major that will put you on the career path you want. Computer Science

Not only will you learn more about computers—hardware and software, but you'll also learn about

the applications of such knowledge. As a computer science major, you'll be exposed to areas such as

robotics, natural language recognition programs, artificial intelligence, programming languages, numerical analysis, and gaming technology. Problem solving is a major component of computer science, no matter which section of the industry you want to pursue. Communications

Communications majors tend to be great storytellers. You'll learn about oral and written messages, audience reaction, and the varied effects of different communication environments. It will prepare you

for a wealth of career options in business, advertising, human resources, public relations, government, education, media, and social services. Economics

Economics is the study of choices — those of individuals, businesses, governments, and societies

and how they choose to spend their time and money and otherwise allocate their resources. It is also an

excellent preparation for a future in business, as well as for graduate studies in law, public policy, and international studies. 1. Who is this article intended for?

A. College applicants. B. college graduates.

C. College professors. D. College workers. 2. What does Computer Science mainly focus on?

A. Career choosing. B. Problem solving. C. Data analyzing. D. Language programming. 3. What do Communications and Economics have in common?

A. They mean a higher salary. B. They are both difficult to learn. C. They prepare people for businesses. D. They offer the choices of distributing their resources. B

The pandemic (流行病)has left a lot of families in financial difficulty. Not only have many found it

difficult to pay bills, they’ve also had to deal with huge unpaid debts. Thankfully, one very kind-hearted

doctor, Omar Atiq, from Arkansas decided to forgive the $ 320,000 debt that his patients still had to pay. Dr. Omar Atiq closed his clinic in Pine Bluff after 30 years of offering patients radiation therapy

(治疗),and CAT scans. While putting his affairs in order,with the help of a debt collection agency, Dr. Atiq realized that his patients were really struggling to pay off their debts. “So my wife and I,as a

family,thought about it andlooked at forgiving all the debts. We saw that we could do it and then just

went ahead and did it.” The reasoning behind the decision comes from his understanding toward those he's seen suffer

throughout his years as a doctor: “Since I started practicing,I’ve always been rather uncomfortable

with sick patients not only having to worry about their own health, quality of life, their longevity,their

families and their jobs but also money. That’s always concerned me.” Atiq’s wife, Mehreen, shares his

caring nature and supported her husband in his decision. So Omar sent the following letter at Christmas to around 200 of his patients: Although various

health insurances pay most of the bills for the majority of patients,the deductibles (自负额) and

co-pays can be burdensome. Unfortunately, that is the way our health care system currently works. My

clinic has decided to forgive all the debts owed to the'clinic by its patients. Omar, the father of four children who are also doctors or becoming doctors, seems to have always

put the patients first. “I have never refused to see a patient,not for lack of health insurance or funds nor

for any other reason. Tve always considered it a high honor and privilege to be someone’s physician —



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


more important than anything else,” Omar shared with the local media. 4. When did Atiq realize his patients’ inability to pay off their debts?

A. As the debt collection agency helped him. B. When he was collecting the debt in person. C. After he clearly knew the details of the debt. D. After he found out the pandemic was serious. 5. What mainly results in Dr. Atiq’s generous decision?

A. His responsibility. B. His wife’s support. C. His sympathy. D. His medical practice. 6. What can we learn about Dr. Atiq?

A. He values his patients and his job. B. He works together with his children. C. He will start another clinic in the future. D. He thinks that being a doctor is profitable. 7. What is the main idea of the text?

A. Dr. Atiq has made a very important decision. B. Dr. Atiq removes his patients' financial burden. C. Dr. Atiq has contributed a lot to the medical field. D. Dr. Atiq has set a good example for all the doctors. C

Experts from MIT have found means to incorporate (加入) electronic sensors into fabrics, which

can help to create shirts or other garments that could be used to monitor vital signs such as temperature

and heart rate. The sensor-embedded garments can be customized to fit close to the body of the person

wearing them. “We can have electronic parts or lab-made electronics embedded within the textiles that we wear

every day, creating comfortable garments,” says Dagdeviren, an professor at MIT. His group set out to

create garments more similar to the clothes we normally wear, using a fabric that has removable

electronic sensors in it. “In our case, the textile is not electrically functional. It’s just a passive element of our garment so

that you can wear the devices comfortably during your daily activities,” Dagdeviren says. “Our main

goal was to measure the physical activity of the body all from the same body part, without requiring any

fixture or any tape.”

The electronic sensors consist of long flexible strips. These channels have small openings that allow

the sensors to be exposed to the skin. For this study, the researchers designed a shirt with 30 temperature

sensors and an accelerometer( 加 速 度 计 ) that can measure the wearer’s movement, heart rate, and

breathing rate. The garment can then transmit this data wirelessly to a smartphone. This kind of sensing could be useful for personalized telemedicine, allowing doctors to remotely

monitor patients. “You don’t need to go to the doctor or do a video call,” Dagdeviren says. “Through

this kind of data collection, I think doctors can make better assessments and help their patients in a

better way.” Last summer, several of the researchers spent time at a factory in Shenzhen, China, to experiment

with mass-producing the material used for the garments. “From the outside it looks like a normal T-shirt, but from the inside, you can see the electronic parts which are touching your skin,” Dagdeviren says. 8. Why do MIT researchers make sensor-embedded garments?

A. To complete their academic tasks. B. To transform patents for benefits. C. To create garments with medical functions. D. To satisfy customers’ personal need for fashion. 9. What is the main function of the electronic sensors?

A. Monitoring wearers’ behavior. B. Making the skin fully exposed. C. Adjusting wearers’ body temperature. D. Collecting and transmitting health information. 10. What do we know about the sensor-embedded garments?

A. They will bring convenience to patients. B. They could be in mass-production soon. C. They might lead the new fashion. D. They may take the place of doctors. 11. What can we infer about wearing a sensor-embedded garment according to Dagdeviren?

A. It’s fashionable. B. It’s skin-friendly. C. It’s eco-friendly. D. It’s awkward. D

According to the statistics shared by UNESCO, at least 43% of the total languages that are

estimated as being spoken across the world are in danger of extinction. Moreover, many languages

around the world have less than 1, 000 speakers now. Linguists(语言学家)and researchers believe that

by the end of the century, at least half of the world’s languages will have died. This is troublesome,


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


given that cultural identity and languages go hand in hand. Language activists and people who speak these endangered languages are fighting back tooth and

nail. Scientists believe that digitalization might be our only hope to preserve some of these quickly

disappearing languages in the online world. For instance, Oxford University Press launched Oxford Global Languages a few years ago. It is an

initiative that boosts \"digitally underrepresented\" languages. They are focused on promoting languages

that might have close to a million speakers worldwide, yet have little or no online presence. Therefore, they have been creating digital dictionaries as a fundamental building block to help preserve them. There have been countless other projects like this with the same aim. Another is the Rosetta Project, which aims to create a handheld digital library that will carry more than 1,500 languages. It will be

appropriately sized to fit nicely into our hands, and will come with around 13,000 pages of information. It will also have a high life expectancy of anywhere between 2,000 and 10,000 years. Initiatives like

these have as their primary objective to ensure the preservation of local languages long after their

speakers have died. Countless languages are dying every day, and they will continue to perish as the remaining speakers

die. Of course, we cannot merely rely on digitization to deal with worldwide languages loss. However, it

is a step in the right direction. These digital tools offer endangered languages an opportunity to bounce

back and survive. 12. What does the data in paragraph 1 mainly show?

A. Many languages are endangered. B. Culture determines language evolution. C. Human development results in fewer languages. D. Many linguists attempt to protect threatened languages. 13. What does Oxford Global Languages try to do?

A. Promote online courses of local languages. B. Publish paper dictionaries of global languages. C. Increase dying language speakers to a million. D. Make certain languages available in digital form. 14. What can we learn about the digital library to be created by the Rosetta Project?

A. It is portable but has a short life.

B. It is sponsored by Oxford University Press. C. It provides protection for linguistic diversity. D. It contains automatically updated information. 15. Which of the following can replace the underlined word \"perish\" in the last paragraph?

A. Be enriched. B. Be lost. C. Be acquired. D. Be invented.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


How to Cut Back on Playing Video Games

As you get older and shoulder more responsibilities in your life, your gaming time might need to

adjust. Here’s what worked well for me. Start Tracking Your Gaming Time

One of the reasons why video games eat up so much time is that they’re so engaging. I can’t count

how many times I’ve sat down to play games for “a couple of minutes” then looked up to see hours have

gone by. Tracking your gaming time can help, says psychologist John M. Grohol. Prepare a spreadsheet or a

piece of paper, and write down when you start playing a game and when you stop. 16 I found it

helpful. Start Choose Games Wisely

17 . MMOs and RPGs, for example, are major time sinks. I would probably cry if I looked at

my total time spent during the golden age of World of War-craft. If you’re having a hard time stepping away from these kinds of games because there’s so much to

do in them, cut them out of your gaming diet. 18 . That way, you can play in short bursts. I still

indulge in these kinds of games occasionally, but I don’t play as much as I used to. Figure Out What You’re Escaping

Video games are a fun way to de-stress and also one of the most advanced forms of escapism out

there. To reduce my gaming thirst I started looking at my escapism habits from another angle. 19 . Video games do offer a nice respite from the harsh truths of reality. More often than not, I would be

able to identify the things that were stressing me out and making me want to escape to virtual worlds in

the first place. If work was getting me down, I’d make a practical plan on how to improve it instead of

grapping a controller. 20 . The real world doesn’t always offer that, but it never will if you always


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


run from the issues in your life. A. Why not get away from the game you are crazy about?

B. Shift your focus to games that are more pick-up-and-play. C. Then add up your total gaming time at end of each week. D. We find it hard to get rid ourselves of the addiction to games

E. I asked myself “What am I hiding from?” and worked from there

F. Some games require a much bigger time investment than other games

G. We often run to video games because they make us feel powerful and in control

二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

One of our favourite patients had been in and out of our hospital several times; we all had grown

quite attached to her and her husband. In spite of terminal cancer and pain, she never 21 to give us

a smile or a hug. Whenever her husband came, she glowed. I 22 their expression of love. Daily, he brought her fresh flowers and a 23 , then sat by

her bed, holding hands and talking quietly. Every night, before leaving, he 24 the door so they

could spend time alone together. When he was gone, we'd find her sleeping 25 with a smile on her

lips. One night she took a(n) 26 for the worse and wouldn't make it through the night. Although 27 , I knew this was for the best. At least she wouldn't be in 28 any longer. When I

entered the room, she smiled weakly. Her 29 sat beside her, smiling, too, and said, \"My love

is 30 going to get her reward.\" Tears came to my eyes. At about midnight she 31 with her husband still holding her hand. I

comforted him and with tears running down his cheeks, he said, \"May I be 32 with her for a


I stood outside the room, wiping my tears. I could 33 the pain of her husband. Suddenly from

the room came the most 34 voice I've ever heard singing. All of the other nurses 35 out to

listen as he sang \"Beautiful Brown Eyes\" at the top of his voice. When the tune 36 , the door opened and he said to me, \"I sang that song to her every night. Normally I keep my 37 down not to disturb the other patients. But I had to make sure she heard

me tonight as she was on her way to 38 , knowing she will always be my forever love. Please

apologise to anyone I 39 . Do you think she will hear me?\"

I 40 my head, unable to stop my tears. He thanked me for being their nurse and friend. He

thanked the other nurses, then turned and walked down the hall, whistling the song softly as he went. 21. A.failed B.stopped C.bothered D.preferred

22. A.noticed B.respected C.admired D.understood

23. A.gift B.child C.surprise D.smile

24. A.approached B.closed C.reached D.held

25. A.restlessly B.calmly C.hopefully D.peacefully

26. A.way B.choice C.turn D.exchange

27. A.sad B.busy C.worried D.seared

28. A.pain B.need C.trouble D.danger

29. A.family B.nurse C.doctor D.husband

30. A.seldom B.finally C.always D.never

31. A.broke down B.gave up C.got through D.passed away

32. A.alone B.away C.together D.still

33. A.recognize B.tolerate C.feel D.sympathize

34. A.thrilling B.beautiful C.attractive D.meaningful

35. A.looked B.stood C.stepped D.reached

36. A.changed B.faded C.paused D.continued

37. A.voice B.song C.feeling D.silence

38. A.home B.peace C.heaven D.destination

39. A.scolded B.visited C.complained D.bothered

40. A.lowered B.nodded C.raised D.shook

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Children under the age of 18 will be allowed up to three hours per week to play video games, according to a notice 41 (issue) by China’s National Press and Publication Administration. Online

game companies are required to provide services to minors—from 8 to 9 pm on Fridays, Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays—as 42 way to safeguard their physical and mental health.


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


The recent 43 (propose) to limit the playing of video games among the under 18s is the type

of socially responsible policy needed in an era 44 all of us have the potential to

over-immerse 45 (we) in our screens and digital content. Real-name registration and logins will be 46 (strict) implemented, said the notice, adding

that companies cannot offer games to users who fail the identification process. China 47 (tighten)

controls on online games for minors in recent years. In 2019, the country cut time limitations to 1.5

hours per day and three hours on weekends and holiday. Undoubtedly, excessive gaming is purely a waste of time and energy for minors and has a negative

effect on both physical and mental health, but if children are taught how to manage 48 a sensible

and responsible manner then it is no longer a threat. To achieve this, parents need to set examples for

not 49 (attach) to their phones. Since online games are 50 (addict), the gaming industry should also act in a socially

responsible way to provide an environment for children to ensure their well-being and development

rather than putting profit-making interests as its priority.三、写作(满分 25 分)




1. 活动目的;2. 活动内容; 3. 呼吁参与。


1.词数 100 左右:


Dear international exchange students, ______________________________________________________________________________









_________ Students' Union



高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


This year we had kids and caregivers in mind. So here are some favorite books for kids picked by

readers and expert judges to while away the hours at home. The Snowy Day -by Ezra Jack Keats

One morning, a little boy in Brooklyn wakes up to a changed world - shining with fresh snowfall. Young Peter is black. Author and illustrator Ezra Jack Keats was white,but his sensitive description of a

child's first experience with snow won the Caldecott Medal and was embraced by parents and children

of all colors. (For ages 0 to 2)

Dreamers -by Yuyi Morales

Yuyi Morales was born in Mexico and came to America with her baby boy in 1999. She builds that

experience into a poetic praise for the immigrant experience - for learning a new life and language and

for the dreams, hopes and talents immigrants bring to the USA.(For ages 4 to 8)

Hidden Figures -by Margot Lee Shetterly and Laura Freeman

Margot Lee Shetterly adapts her groundbreaking book about Black female mathematicians at NASA

for young readers, with illustrations by Laura Freeman. A great pick for any future mathematician or

astronaut.(For ages 4 to 8)

Wells&Wong Mysteries -by Robin Stevens

Best friends Daisy Wells and Hazel Wong do what any ambitious young women at boarding school

would do: They form a detective agency and quickly run up against their first real case when Hazel finds

the body of their science teacher on the gymnasium floor. (For ages 10 and up)

1.Which writer is an award winner?

A.Ezra Jack Keats. B.Yuyi Morales. C.Margot Lee Shetterly. D.Robin Stevens. 2.Which book is suitable for those who love detective stories?

A.The Snowy Day. B.Dreamers. C.Hidden Figures. D.Wells &Wong Mysteries. 3.What do Dreamers and Hidden Figures have in common?

A.The way they are created. B.The authors’ experiences. C.The ages of the potential readers. D.The theme they try to convey. B

This year, several young athletes have shone brightly at the Beijing Winter Olympics, giving us a

glimpse of their generation’s nature. Obviously, the young generation is filled with “brave warriors” who want to challenge

impossibilities and push boundaries. Freestyle skier Gu Ailing is a good example. After she finished

strong in the first two jumps in the women’s free-ski Big Air event, it was certain that she could get a

medal. But instead of taking heed of it, the 18-year-old skier pushed herself to the limit. On the last jump, Gu decided to attempt a difficult trick: a left double cork 1620—four and a half rotations in the

air—before landing. “I have never done the ‘left 16’ before. I hadn’t prepared much for it apart from two

days on the air bag,” Gu told China Daily, “but I felt it was a chance.” But for these young athletes, the sport is never just about scores, but also about having as much fun

as possible. Born in the US, Gu faced criticism and doubts for representing China in the Beijing Winter

背水一战 1


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


Olympics. When questioned by The Guardian, the girl said bluntly she wasn’t trying to make everyone

happy. “I’m an 18-year-old girl out here living my best life. I’m having a great time.” Gu said. “It

doesn’t really matter if other people are happy or not, because I feel I’ m doing my best and I’m

enjoying the entire process.” Gu’s good friend, Chinese snowboarder Su Yiming also shares a similar attitude. He takes sports as

a way to have fun. After he was judged to have lost the gold to Canadian athlete Max Parrot in the men’s

slopestyle final, the 17-year-old didn’t feel upset. Instead, he was happy to have the chance to compete

with his idol. “When I was on the podium hugging Max Parrot, it felt unreal,” Su told China Daily. “All I did

today was enjoy the runs and concentrate on my tricks. As long as I am on my snowboard I am happy.” 4.The phrase “taking heed of it” underlined in paragraph 2 can be replaced by ______. A.playing it safe B.taking a risk

C.avoiding mistakes D.taking part in it

5.What can we know about Gu Ailing according to the text?

A.She didn’t perform well. B.She is a post-00. C.She was an American. D.She isn’t easy-going

6.Who got the gold medal in the men’s slopestyle final?

A.Not mentioned. B.Gu Ailing. C.Su Yiming. D.Max Parrot. 7.What does the reporter want to convey in this text?

A.The young generation shares a similar attitude. B.Young athletes show the nature of the young generation. C.Young Chinese dare to push the limits but also enjoy their career. D.Young athletes have shone brightly at the Beijing Winter Olympics. C

With rounds of pioneering space flights that could set the stage for future space tourism, it is worth

looking at what might be involved for the human exploration of Mars, though it's likely decades away. Technological challenges aside, as we continue to expand our exploration of Mars, there is a question:

What might be the lessons of past voyages of discovery that we should think about?

Human exploration has led to many extraordinary new discoveries, but it has also led to the

exploitation of resources. Not long after early European settlers arrived at America, they declared their

independence and created the constitution by which modern American society functions. However, this

did not prevent the settlers from referring to native people as savages and taking away their rights to

liberty, happiness, and even survival. Native Americans were quickly killed by wars and new diseases as

the new settlers expanded their land. The natural environment, with which they had established a

harmonious relationship, was similarly destroyed by the settlement. Mars certainly has an impossible environment for human life, but on Mars, humans will be the

invasive species. Will our landing on mars break the ecosystem on Mars? It is possible that Mars has

ideal minerals for future development. But apart from technology challenges, will the mining have a

disastrous environment impact on this red neighbour as it has already had on Earth?

The achievements of space exploration are certainly to be applauded. The contributions of the

related researches on chemistry, medicine and many others are potentially limitless. However, as we

look to exploring worlds beyond our own, we need to begin now to look at history to consider how best

to engage with different life forms, cultures and environments. We may be capable of writing a law, but

we first need to clear our potential invasive impact on another planet that may be completely

defenseless. 8.What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.Modern American society. B.The creation of constitution. C.The settlement of Europeans. D.The exploitation of resources. 9.What's the author’s concern about the exploration of Mars?

A.Humans cannot survive on Mars. B.Humans may bring new diseases to Mars. C.The exploration may destroy Mars' ecosystem. D.Technology challenges will make mining on Mars hard. 10.What's the author’s suggestion for future space exploring?

A.Making relevant laws properly. B.Conducting more scientific researches. C.Predicting its impacts on other planets.


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


D.Learning from past exploration experiences. 11.Which column is this text most probably taken from?

A.Opinion. B.History. C.Technology. D.Environment. D

Chinese researchers say they believe a group of rockets could be used to change the path of

asteroids that might pass near Earth. A team at China’s National Space Science Center carried out simulations(模拟) on the proposed

asteroid defense system. The scientists said their research suggests 23 rockets of China’s biggest kind of

rockets could force a large asteroid to change direction. Most experts agree that there is only a small

likelihood that a large asteroid or another space object will crash into Earth and cause great destruction. However, many organizations do recognize the real risk of such an event. The Chinese research was based on defending against a specific asteroid, Bennu, which orbits the

sun. Bennu is about a half-kilometer wide. It is considered a near-Earth asteroid. Bennu reaches its

closest distance to Earth every six years. The researchers recently reported on their proposal in a study in

a planetary science magazine called “Icarus”. China’s Long March 5 rockets are a central part of the country’s space program. They have been

used to launch space station elements and carry spacecraft to the Moon and Mars. China has

successfully launched six Long March 5 rockets, since 2016. Alan Green is a professor of astrophysics. He said he finds the idea of using rockets to act as an

asteroid deflector (偏转器) “a rather nice concept”. Green continued, “By increasing the mass hitting the

asteroid, simple physics should ensure a much greater effect.” He added, however, that the actual

operation of such a mission needs to be studied further. Scientists say deflecting an asteroid’s path

presents a lower risk than blowing up the rock with nuclear explosives, which may cause it to break into

pieces without changing direction. 12.Who favors the opinion that Earth may be hit by asteroids?

A.Most space experts. B.Many organizations. C.Most astrophysicists. D.Chinese researchers.

13.What do we know about “Icarus”?

A.A space object. B.A large asteroid. C.A science publication. D.An asteroid deflector. 14.How does Alan Green find the Chinese researchers’simulations?

A.Reasonable. B.Unbelievable. C.Suspicious. D.Practical. 15.What can we infer from the last paragraph?

A.Deflecting an asteroid’s path with rockets is risky. B.Nuclear explosion can fully redirect an asteroid. C.Small pieces of asteroid can hardly damage the earth. D.Rockets will someway affect an asteroid’s travel path.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


What are “soft skills”? You may ask. “Soft skills” is the term used for those skills that are not

technical or job—related. 16 These skills characterize your relationships with other people, or

how you approach life and work. In the workplace, soft skills are considered to be a complement to hard

skills, which refer to a person’s knowledge and occupational skills. 17 Imagine you are working in a company producing something, let’s say light bulbs. You

come up with a new technology. Your light bulbs are suddenly much better than others and your profits

go up. But, after a while, your competitors get hold of the technology. Suddenly, the light bulbs are all

the same again and your profits are decreasing. At this time, you still need the new technology. 18

Hard skills are like your technology: anyone can acquire them through formal education, training

programs, and concentrated effort, and they are necessary. Without them you will not be able to operate

in the workplace. Soft skills are your unique selling point. 19 Plus, soft sills are regarded as the

ability to recognize and manage your own and others’ emotions. However, in reality, they go beyond that, and into the wider areas of how you organize yourself and how you approach life. It has been suggested

that a number of professions soft skills may be more important than career skills over the long term. Like hard skills, soft skills require a lot of practice to make you really skilled at using them. 20


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


You measure your success in developing soft skills in how well you manage relationships with those

around you. These include family, friends, and co—workers, as well as customers and those who

provide you with goods or services. A.Hard skills are skills you can gain through education, training programs and certifications. B.They also give you a competitive edge in the workplace and even in life. C.However, what you need most is a reputation for good customer service. D.One reason why soft skills are so valued is that they help better human connections. E.Unlike hard skills, there are no exams to prove that you can do them. F.They include social skills, interpersonal skills, and a positive attitude. G.Soft skills can help you a lot in business competition.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Five years ago, I set foot in London for the first time. I felt raw and sensitive in the new city where

I had to make my new home 21 , with my little son, while my husband was overseas. I 22

how I was supposed to do it all. Well, I had J, a friend I’d met on my honeymoon in Bali, but we had

only kept in touch 23 . As a consequence, I didn’t 24 much from her. I couldn’t really

call her my friend, maybe a pleasant acquaintance, but 25 she turned out to be my much-needed

rock-solid 26 and guardian angel. Every Saturday after work, she 27 to my place and we hung out. Sometimes we would take

a walk to the park. She even visited my son when he was ill and made my four-year-old son’s birthday

28 . To say that I was 29 for her kindness would be a/an 30 . I was grateful because

the help and friendship she offered was 31 . Besides, she did it with a great and open heart. For

the first time in my life, I was a “receiver” in a 32 . J’s generosity touched me so much, so I thanked her often and told her how much I truly appreciated

the trouble she took. But she always 33 . One day as I was thanking her for the millionth time, she said, “Lana, our friendship goes both ways. I 34 hanging out with you and your little kid. You 35 a lot of joy to my life, too!” She then 36 to tell me she had lost two close friends to cancer over these years, and the sudden

37 left her feeling extremely 38 . She said spending time with us helped her out. Her honesty

and 39 taught me some essential lessons on friendship and helped me 40 between a

healthy and unhealthy one. 21.A.to my name B.on my own C.in my favor D.at my expense

22.A.measured B.assessed C.wondered D.predicted

23.A.regularly B.officially C.necessarily D.occasionally

24.A.expect B.assign C.require D.associate

25.A.disappointingly B.surprisingly C.embarrassingly D.convincingly

26.A.instructor B.advisor C.assistant D.supporter

27.A.came over B.made explanations C.came back D.made adjustments

28.A.comfortable B.approachable C.imaginable D.memorable

29.A.relieved B.contented C.grateful D.warm

30.A.involvement B.understatement C.encouragement D.payment

31.A.undoubted B.unchanged C.unforeseen D.unaccustomed

32.A.story B.routine C.friendship D.culture

33.A.shrugged it off B.put it off C.got il out D.lei it out

34.A.recognize B.understand C.accept D.appreciate

35.A.expose B.add C.donate D.devote

36.A.attempted B.continued C.remembered D.promised

37.A.cases B.accident C.losses D.attacks

38.A.sorrowful B.fearful C.thoughtful D.shameful

39.A.capacity B.stability C.loyally D.generosity

40.A.distinguish B.handle C.treasure D.balance

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

The 2022 Winter Paralympics mascot ( 冬 残 奥 会 吉 祥 物 ) Shuey Rhon Rhon has won global

recognition since it made its first public 41 (appear). In an art studio led by Guo Chunfang

among a group of artists from Jilin University of Arts in northeast China’s Jilin Province, the lovely

mascot went through a designing process of 32 versions in more than 300 days. Shuey Rhon Rhon features the shape of a traditional Chinese lantern, and symbolizes the spirit of

hospitality (热情好客) and peace, as the first “Rhon” in Chinese means “to include”, and the second


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


means “to melt, to warm”. In ancient times, lanterns 42 (use) for lighting in China. The

joyful-looking mascot sends a 43 (hope) message to the world and symbolizes the fighting spirit

of the disabled athletes 44 casts light on humanity. Shuey, meaning snow, suggests promising

harvest seasons, while the Ruyi pattern on top 45 (carry) the meaning of happiness. “One major task was to bring 46 unique lantern to life, as most Olympic and Paralympic

mascots were based 47 animal figures, not objects.” Guo said. “It was the 48 (tough)

and most confusing task in the designing process.” The artists decided 49 (decorate) it with paper cutting of pigeons ( 鸽 子 ) after

experimenting with other animal figures, and then realized that the shapes of two pigeon tails could

outline a famous landmark of Beijing, the Temple of Heaven, thus 50 (add) more cultural and

historical characteristics of the host city to the design.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假定你是李华,学校要求所有师生明天做一次核酸检测(nucleic acid testing)。请你给外教 Peter


1. 检测的原因;

2. 检测的时间和地点;

3. 注意事项。

注意:1. 写作词数应为 80 左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡相应位置作答。

Dear Peter, ______________________________________________________________________________









_________ Yours, Li Hua



信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


To prevent kids from getting bored and to keep them in the spirit of learning, parents can use the

summer holidays for fun learning. Here are some ideas for you. Bedtime Reading

Learning doesn't have to be formal. In fact, some of the best learning opportunities are the simplest. Bedtime reading brings you closer together and gives you the opportunity to have positive discussions

about difficult topics like racism, loss, self-esteem, and more. It's never too early to start having these

kinds of conversations. Movies Can Introduce New Concepts

Watching movies can be a great learning opportunity. Selecting educational movies that introduce

new concepts is a great way to engage kids in learning. Screen time shouldn't be the main form of entertainment for young children, but it definitely has its

place. There are lots of great family-friendly films your kids can learn from. Sports +Spelling Activities

Summer is the perfect time to get outside and move. Exercise is important for both 'physical and

mental health, and practicing sports can help kids build skills and become more confident. But have you

ever considered pairing summer sports with other types of learning?

Linking physical movement with tasks like memorization and spelling can be great practice and can

help kids learn. Some children are kinetic learners. Multisensory learning opportunities, like spelling

while shooting hoops on the basketball court, can be a fun and creative way to build knowledge and

skills and are great for students with developmental or learning disabilities.

1.For whom is this passage intended?

A.Teachers. B.Young kids. C.Disabled people. D.Parents. 2.What benefits do kids get from Bedtime Reading?

A.They learn to be friendly. B.They learn to be talkative. C.They become rich in thinking. D.They become kind-hearted. 3.What can we say about kinetic learners?

A.They learn best while doing sports. B.They do sports well while learning. C.They prefer doing sports to learning. D.They were born with learning disabilities. B

During school life, Muhammad Tariq Khan developed an interest in playing badminton. Unfortunately, the school did not have a coach, so he had to self-learn the sport. His dedication helped

him become an under 12 Pakistan Champion at the age of 10. Coming from a working-class family, Khan had to work in a factory to earn money for his family. But driven by his passion, Khan found out ways to watch other players play matches on the badminton

court and he learned various techniques used by experienced players. Meanwhile, Khan practiced

badminton by hitting the shuttlecock (羽毛球) against the walls of his home. Seeing his passion for the

sport, his family bought him a net, a few wooden rackets, and a pack of shuttles to practice at home. Later, Khan often practiced in an open court. To maintain strength, he went on daily morning sprints (短

跑) by the riverside to be fit. His intense practice sessions had made him so skilled that he courageously attacked and played

against the top-ranked players. Soon he became a known player. Although he had a supportive family, he

could not take up badminton as a full-time career. In order to help his father with finances and shoulder

responsibility for his brothers and sisters, he had to switch his focus to build a long-lasting and stable

career to sustain his family. After completing his degree in Bachelor of Commerce from Sindh

University in 1964, he joined the Pakistan International Airlines in 1967. As an adult, he acknowledged

背水一战 2


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


the importance of his duties and performed them with great enthusiasm. Despite his daily office routine, Khan did not leave his passion for sports and played regularly. The journey of Khan’s achieving his goals is indeed challenging. His family had spent their initial

days in a refugee (难民) camp. Khan ever walked long distances from college to his house to avoid

using public transport to save cash to buy shuttlecocks. Today he has been recognized by many reputable Pakistani platforms for his contribution to

badminton. His personality is inspirational for many young individuals, who can learn from him the art

of balancing life pressures and sticking to a passion!

4.What does Paragraph 2 mainly tell us about Khan?

A.His family and working experience. B.His dream of being a professional runner. C.His experience of learning to play badminton. D.His passion for watching badminton matches. 5.Why did Khan change his career focus?

A.He left his passion for badminton. B.He wanted new challenges. C.He lost his parents’support. D.He had to support his family. 6.What does the author intend to do in Paragraph 4?

A.Stimulate readers’ deep interest. B.Add some back ground information. C.Summarize the previous paragraphs. D.Introduce a new topic for discussion. 7.Which of the following can best describe Khan?

A.Responsible and determined. B.Modest and creative. C.Ambitious and adventurous. D.Cooperative and honest. C

Around the world, doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals are enlisting (入伍) to fight the

new coronavirus. Where there is a need, these courageous individuals are stepping up to the plate and

offering their expertise even though they have been retired. In fact, on a single day in March, hundreds of retired doctors and nurses joined New York City’s

Medical Reserve Corps, a program of the City’s Department of Health, after the city’s Mayor (市长) Bill

De Blasio asked for help. According to ABC News, at least 82, 000 people have thus enlisted in New

York State’s medical reserve force, bringing together a wide range of health care workers to fight

COVID-19. “Whatever it is that they need. I’m willing to do,” said Jerry Kops, a retired New York nurse and

musician in the world-famous Blue Man Group, whose tour got cancelled due to the outbreak. She

explained, “I knew that all of my old co-workers were on the front line, so I felt I should sign up too.”

Jane Bedell, a retired primary care doctor from the Bronx, also signed up after De Blasio’s request

for help. Although she celebrated retirement a little over a month ago, she felt it was her duty and

privilege to get involved. “I’ve always wanted to make sure that I’m part of the solution and not part of

the problem.” She told the New York Times. Chuck Wright, a physician refused to let anything stop him from volunteering. After he retired a

year and a half ago, he immediately started volunteering with medical organizations, and was among the

responders who took care of California’s firefighters during the 2019 wildfires. He’s been deployed (调

遣) twice to assist COVID-19 efforts, and was in charge of turning a Holiday Inn into a medical center. But New York is not alone, other states, such as California, Massachusetts, Washington, and New

Jersey have also put out similar calls for help. 8.What did Bill De Blasio request people to do?

A.Donate money for the New York City. B.Offer some support to Blue Man Group. C.Replace the City’s Department of Health. D.Join New York’s medical reserve force. 9.Why did Jerry Kops decide to be a volunteer?

A.She performed much better on the front line. B.She was motivated by her former colleagues. C.She wanted to make her music group famous. D.She found it a way to celebrate her retirement.


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


10.Who volunteered on a regular basis?

A.Bill De Blasio. B.Jerry Kops. C.Chuck Wright. D.Jane Bedell. 11.What is the best title for the text?

A.Retired Doctors and Nurses Enlist to Fight COVID-19

B.Medical Professionals Are Willing to Be Volunteers

C.Retired Health Care Workers Start Working Again

D.Many Struggling Cities in America Are Calling for Help


BEIJING- Wang Yaping, a taikonaut onboard China’s space station core module ( 舱 ), offered

people on Earth a zero-gravity musical performance on Tuesday evening to celebrate the Lantern

Festival. The space show was shared via a video released at an annual TV gala for the festival

celebration. In the video, Wang was seen floating in the space module while playing a guzheng, or

Chinese zither. She played a segment of the popular Chinese folk song. “Jasmine Flower”. The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar. People

usually hang colorful lanterns, play riddle games and express their wishes and hopes for the future. The crew members, who traveled to the space station core module on the Shenzhou-13 mission, kept some festive traditions alive as they continued to rotate around the Earth. Commander Zhai

Zhigang wrote riddles on red paper scrolls with a brush pen. He displayed the calligraphy together with

taikonaut Ye Guangfu and extended festival greetings to the audience. They also sent blessing to athletes

at the ongoing Beijing Winter Olympics: “We hope that you all achieve success, gain friendship and

harvest your best Olympic experience.” The video of the space performance was received with much enthusiasm after it was shared on

social media platforms. It drew nearly 2 million clicks in one hour after several national media outlets

posted it on the Chinese micro-blogging site Sina Weibo. The Weibo account of Zhurong, China’s first

rover on Mars, reposted the video, commenting, “The music was so beautiful, and it made me homesick, too.”The Lantern Festival also marks the last day of the lunar New Year celebration. Though far from

home, the festive sentiments in space are the same. The China Manned Space Agency released a video

on social media platforms on Tuesday, showing that the taikonauts had decorated the orbiting core

module with red lanterns, Chinese knots and paper- cutting decorations. Wearing new clothes, the trio

(三人小组) enjoyed the traditions of eating dumplings and posting spring couplets on walls During the

Chinese New Year holiday, they were also spotted watching the Winter Olympics and doing workouts in

orbit. 12.How did the mass enjoy the musical performance according to the text?

A.By watching a video posted online by Wang Yaping herself. B.By watching a video coming from a TV gala. C.By watching the Lantern Festival gala at the scene. D.By logging on the Internet through computers. 13.What does the underlined word “rotate” mean according to the context?

A.Access. B.Substitute. C.Circle. D.Launch. 14.What can we learn from the text?

A.The video of the space performance became a great hit. B.Zhai Zhigang showed the calligraphy on his own. C.The Beijing Winter Olympics had come to an end when the astronauts sent their regards. D.Wang Yaping shared puzzles on red paper scrolls. 15.Which is the best title of the passage?

A.Chinese folk song “Jasmine Flower” is played on space station

B.Taikonauts send blessings to the, Beijing Winter Olympics athletes

C.Taikonauts keep Lantern Festival traditions alive on space station

D.China makes major breakthroughs in the outer space exploration

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


The traditional Chinese lunar calendar divides the year into 24 solar terms. Major Snow, the 21st

solar term of the year, begins this year on Dec 7 and ends on Dec 20. 16 . Here are five things

you should know. Snowy winter

17 , breaking tree branches and blocking the road. In the south, snowflakes fall and the world

turns white. A proverb about the snow says, “A timely snow promises a good harvest”. As the snow


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


covers the ground, the low winter temperature kills pests. Appreciating plum blossoms

Plum blossoms usually flower in mid-to-late December in some southern cities of China, and

sometimes bloom even earlier. The plum blossom is admired in Chinese culture for its toughness during

severe winters. Eating lamb

Lamb is a favorite food for Chinese people during Major Snow. 18 . People in Chongqing

like to have potted lamb soup or stewed lamb soup with their families and friends. Eating porridge

Hot porridge could help warm you and nourish (滋养) your body in cold weather. In China, it’s

customary to eat red bean porridge on the first day of Major Snow. 19 , such as wheat porridge, sesame porridge, radish porridge, walnut porridge and tuckahoe porridge. Preventing lung illness

During this period, Chinese people watch for outbreaks of lung illness, which can be prevented by

properly drinking water. During Major Snow, it’s drier and colder, so people should drink more water. But you should not drink too much water at once. 20 . A.In addition, there are other varieties

B.People in southern China make sausages

C.The snow falls at night and melts in the day

D.Don’t drink cold water after exercise, either

E.The snow in North China may last a whole day

F.It’s excellent for protecting the body against the cold

G.During this period, the temperature drops significantly

二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

I don’t own a camera anymore. I know my computer has one and my daughter is 21 taking

photos with her smart phone. However, I rally miss those 22 cameras. I can remember taking a

roll of film, mailing it out, and then 23 for two weeks to get the pictures back. And half of them

were either overexposed by the sunlight or all of us had red eyes in them from the flash on the

24 . I can also remember the 25 when we finally saved up enough money to get a Polaroid (一

次成像的) camera. It was more exciting to 26 the camera and have a photo 27 in only

a minute. Even then, though, we only used it for special 28 , such as birthdays and family

gatherings. Nowadays everything seems to be 29 , saved and posted online. I wonder 30 . Maybe

a part of it is that we all want to stop, freeze and 31 these moments in time that fly by so fast. I

have to 32 that sometimes I do. Just the other day I 33 some dusty photo albums about

my 34 . In one there was a picture of me just a few years old, laughing in my front yard. How I

longed to go back to that 35 , see my mother’s smiling face and be held in my grandmother’s

36 arms once more. Still, I know that does live on in my heart, and one day we will all be 37

again. The truth is that hard as we try we can’t 38 time. All the photos can’t keep it in place, either. Perhaps we should really 39 our lives instead of just filming them. Perhaps it is best to smile

with joy instead of smiling for a 40 . 21.A.unwillingly B.hesitantly C.barely D.constantly

22.A.expensive B.advanced C.old D.popular

23.A.relaxing B.advertising C.hiding D.waiting

24.A.watch B.phone C.camera D.computer

25.A.thrill B.confusion C.terror D.peace

26.A.replace B.click C.send D.return

27.A.ready B.destroyed C.posted D.still

28.A.accidents B.occasions C.challenges D.adventures

29.A.ignored B.deleted C.filmed D.combined

30.A.why B.where C.when D.how

31.A.judge B.transform C.bury D.preserve

32.A.forget B.admit C.doubt D.predict

33.A.looked through B.broke down C.mixed up D.swept away

34.A.adulthood B.childhood C.birth D.adolescence

35.A.thought B.debate C.moment D.ceremony


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


36.A.cold B.unfamiliar C.shaky D.loving

37.A.awake B.asleep C.together D.away

38.A.spend B.stop C.count D.kill

39.A.waste B.assess C.record D.live

40.A.photograph B.game C.mail D.face

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Last week I took the bus back to Jinan from Qingdao. I 41 (carry) a big piece of luggage

with me and put it beside my leg on the bus. As usual, I closed my eyes and tried to take a rest. Suddenly,

I felt someone 42 (move) my luggage. I opened my eyes and looked up. It was the driver 43

carried my luggage away, saying “you will be more comfortable if you put the luggage at the front row

44 no one takes the seat”.As a salesperson, I took these buses many times, and never have I 45

(meet) such a considerate driver who had cared so much about the passengers before. This simple act

touched my soft heart and will always 46 (keep) in my memory. I think we have to learn from him and serve our clients much 47 (well).We have to be more

considerate and offer more attentive service to our clients during 48 (they) visit to us. Sometimes

one little thing may make people happy or angry 49 make the clients decide 50 (do) the

business with us or not.三、写作(满分 25 分)







1.写作词数应为 80 左右;












高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


Are you worried about the planet and tired of waiting around for things to change? Go ahead and

take a closer look at the various options available to volunteer. for the environment!

Sustainable Agriculture

If you decide to volunteer for a sustainable agriculture project, you’ll definitely learn some

interesting sustainable farming techniques. You will be learning these techniques from locals or teaching

them to the local farmers so they can implement (实施) these techniques on their own. Best Places to Volunteer: Central or South Africa, India, Nepal, Indonesia and the Philippines. Marine Conservation

Volunteers’ for marine conservation should naturally be attracted to water. It’s important that you

don’t fear diving and have a strong interest in learning to dive during your stay. While volunteering, your task as a volunteer will be to help research, maintain and grow the unique marine biology. Best Places to Volunteer: The Bahamas, Cuba, Peru, South Africa, Indonesia, Spain and Italy. Nature Conservation

Conservation projects are dedicated to protecting the natural environment of a specific location. Tasks here may vary greatly depending on the program but it will require volunteers to study the

environment and learn about the local wildlife species. You’ll be monitoring the environment and

retrieving data while taking action to preserve the local species of animals and plants. Best Places to Volunteer: Madagascar, the Maldives, South Africa, New Zealand and Russia. Renewable Energy and Water

Projects focused on energy and water create ways for communities to access sustainable energy and

water sources. These programs are dedicated to designing system improvements and creating a

sustainable supply of energy and water. It’s important for conservation volunteers to evaluate the needs

of the community and implement actions to solve these issues. Best Places to Volunteer: Peru, Costa Rica, EI Salvador, India and Cameroon. Requirements: With so many subcategories and such a wide series of organizations, the required

skill set will vary for each program. English is the main language on all projects so it’s important that

conservation volunteers have a good understanding of English. For projects in South America, you will

find it helpful to have a basic knowledge of Spanish. 1.If you want to volunteer for three projects in the same country, which country is the best choice?

A.Peru. B.South Africa. C.Indonesia. D.India. 2.Which of the following statements is TRUE?

A.Volunteers can learn farming techniques by carrying out these techniques on their own. B.Volunteers should assess the requirements of the community to solve the issues of energy and

water supply. C.Volunteers at different conservation projects can perform the same tasks to protect the natural

environment. D.Volunteers can sign up for marine conservation project even if they are afraid of the water. 3.What is required in common to be a volunteer in any of the above programs?

A.Farming techniques. B.Marine biology. C.The English language. D.Data retrieving. B

Alexander Tsao, a keen rock climber for several years, was climbing the walls at a gym near his

home in Redmond, Washington, when he noticed that the ropes were frequently being replaced with new

ones. Just 16 at the time, Tsao wondered what happened to the old ropes. He asked the gym owners and

found out the ropes had to be discarded regularly due to safety regulations. He was surprised to find that

so many ropes were sent to landfills. This discovery inspired him to find a solution to the environmental issue of climbing rope waste. He

considered possible ideas and ways to up cycle the discarded ropes, deciding to turn them into leashes

(拴狗带) for dogs.

背水一战 3


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


Once he had made his plan, Tsao contacted all the climbing gyms in Washington State, introducing

his idea of recycling old ropes. Some were doubtful at first, but many gyms agreed to donate their used

ropes. Tsao spent months testing and designing his products and filling documents to become a nonprofit

organization which he called Rocks2Dogs. To make the leashes, Tsao and volunteers first wash and dry the ropes. They cut them into different

lengths, ranging from4 to 10 feet, and then burn the ends to prevent them from fraying (磨损). They add

a clip and handle to each end, and cover the leash’s hardware with shrink tape. Because making the leashes now is a full-time job, Tsao has asked his friends, family and neighbors

for help. “We have made and sold over a thousand leashes, which add up to over 10,000 feet of rope

being saved from landfills,” says Tsao. The leashes come in various colors. There are also half-price

leashes made from ropes with slight imperfections. These start at $7.49 while most other leashes start at

$ 14.99. To date, the nonprofit has raised more than $ 35,000. Much of this money has been donated to

animal shelters. 4.What did Tsao discover?

A.Rock climbing might do harm to health. B.The gym didn’t obey safety regulations. C.Many old climbing ropes went to waste. D.Landfills caused damage to the environment. 5.What was Tsao’s plan?

A.To call on climbing gyms to donate ropes. B.To transform retired ropes into dog leashes. C.To upcycle old leashes saved from landfills. D.To set up an environmental organization. 6.What does paragraph 4 mainly talk about?

A.Efforts to promote the ropes. B.Reasons for starting Rocks2Dogs. C.Ways to reuse discarded waste. D.Steps for making the leashes. 7.What is the last paragraph intended to tell us?

A.Tsao succeeds in the leash business.

B.Animal protection gain’s more attention. C.More people volunteered to help Tsao. D.Leashes are very popular with pet owners. C

When you re grocery shopping, have you ever noticed that most grocery stores often don’t have

windows and if they do they’re only at the front of the store? You might not pay much attention to the

architectural features of the building you re grocery shopping in—you’re there to shop for food, not

admire the layout! But that’s not just it! “Grocery stores want to create a separate environment within the stores, where the outside world

doesn’t exist,” explains Andrei Vasilescu, a shopping expert who has studied shopping behaviors and

psychology. “You don’t get bothered by the rain, sunshine, or the fact that your kids are waiting in the

parking lot. All your focus is on the shopping experience.” This technique also prevents shoppers from

noticing that it’s getting dark out. “Walls instead of windows can keep daylight out of grocery stores and help preserve the products, as some products can go bad faster in direct sunlight. Too much sun exposure can even cause packaging

labels to fade. Furthermore, having windows in their stores would decrease the space available to

showcase products,” says Margine Biswas, an architect with expertise in retail ( 零 售 ) design. “Compared to windows, exterior (外部的) walls have stronger structural supports and can hold the

heavier items on the shelves of those walls.” Are some grocery stores going against this trend? In Germany, a study was conducted to test out

stores with more natural light. A few stores had some bread products going bad rapidly due to the

sunlight. They needed to replace the glass with specially designed panes (窗格) that help reduce the heat

and radiation. This technique hasn’t caught on widely yet. A National Rewable Energy laboratory study

in 2002 assessed the effects of natural light on shoppers—and it found that shoppers felt vastly more

comfortable when there was more natural light around. They were also better able to identify both

products and other people in the stores. It’s worth noting; though, that this study assessed natural light in

all retail spaces, not just grocery stores. The challenges of adding more natural light to grocery stores

remain. 8.How does a grocery store without windows influence its shoppers?

A.It keeps them absorbed in shopping.


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


B.It helps to strengthen family bonds. C.It prevents them from shopping relaxedly. D.It misleads them to buy unnecessary goods. 9.“What do Margine Biswas’s words mainly suggest about grocery stores?

A.Retail design is not complex. B.Natural light is available. C.Windows still have their value. D.Windows barely benefit them. 10.What is the author’s opinion on adding more natural light to grocery stores?

A.It can be carried out widely. B.Shoppers will be discouraged by it. C.It proves less challenging. D.The stores should be cautious. 11.What is the text mainly about?

A.Potential effects of natural light on grocery stores. B.Reasons why most grocery stores have no windows. C.Some tricks applied by a majority of grocery stores. D.How consumers can better enjoy grocery shopping. D

City parks have long been a place for urban residents to get a small amount of green. As cities

increasingly feel the impacts of rising seas and temperatures, people are rethinking the roles of urban

parks. All of the dark-gray asphalt ( 沥 青 ) in cities collect heat. Dallas is one of the country’s

fastest-warming cities thanks in part to its extensive impervious (不透水的) surfaces, but with a new

$312 million bond package, the city is hoping to change that. Using satellite data, the city is able to see

what neighborhoods most need the cooling effect of green spaces. Cities are increasingly flooding and city planners think parks can help with this issue too. A report

published in February by The Nature Conservancy looked at the best ways to deal with flooding in

Houston, a city with many neighborhoods built on floodplains and regularly flooded by rising waters. Offering affected homeowners buyouts and transforming homes into green spaces would save more

money than installing infrastructure (基础设施) like pipes, they found. Brendan Shane, a climate program director, says parks can create opportunities for people to

exercise and play, in addition to cooling neighborhoods and absorbing floodwater. “The stronger the

bonds are from neighbor to neighbor, the better they are able to react to a shock,” he says.

“Not a single solution by itself will avoid the climate crisis. We see parks as an important part of it, but there isn’t a silver bullet,” says Diane Regas, CEO of The Trust for Public Land. “Parks are an

example of what we in the environmental community need to do to reach solutions that address climate

change at the same time and make people’s lives better.” 12.What does the city Dallas want to deal with?

A.The lack of green spaces. B.The way of collecting heat. C.The effect of rising seas. D.The bond between neighborhoods. 13.What can be inferred from the report by The Nature Conservancy?

A.Cities in the world are frequently flooded. B.City parks may help prevent city flooding. C.Cities needn’t invest much money in infrastructure. D.City parks affect people’s choice of a neighborhood. 14.What does Brendan Shane say about parks?

A.They can enable people to get over a shock. B.They can reduce air pollution effectively. C.They can perform positive social functions. D.They can help people to keep a cool head. 15.What does the underlined phrase “a sliver bullet” in Paragraph 5 mean?

A.A fast and effective solution. B.A successful example. C.An immediate and clear cause. D.An impractical method.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Four Tips to Discover Your True Passion

True passion is the emotion, feeling, and desire that arises out of love for something. It’s the force

that magnifies (放大) your capabilities for the benefit of excellent performance. This is because it’s a

powerful motivation for best performance and everyone wants to get there. 16 Finding what

you’re passionate about is a long road that requires effort and the following are some useful tips. Search your childhood. The purity and truth of your being are in the early stages of life. To that end, going back to the

things you loved back then is always an excellent indication of marked preferences. Did you want to be


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


a doctor? 17 These are all clues that begin to point the way. While it’s true that children have

several preferences in their early stages, it’s actually quite easy to figure out which they prioritize (优先

考虑). Experiment and discover. Doing the same activities day after day closes any probabilities to succeed in finding your true

passion. 18 This creates a trial-and-error scenario (设想) that promotes a positive outcome in

less time. Focus to find your true passion. You must forget about the myth that doing what you’re passionate about will be easy and pleasant. This is because there’ll always be inconveniences in any activity you undertake. Beyond that, don’t lose

focus on the fact that these are temporary moments. 19

Remember that your age doesn’t matter. 20 Encouraging yourself to take the first step can be difficult due to some of society’s

obsolete (被淘汰的) barriers. The truth is that you must allow yourself to achieve and show your tastes

leaving aside any obstacles, especially those that are self-imposed (自己强加的). It’s never too late!

A.Were you interested in insects?

B.Take a variety of courses each month. C.Do you know the meaning of passion?

D.Age isn’t necessary to find out your true passion. E.Be calm while finding out your motivation. F.It’s vital to figure out what you’re passionate about. G.Understanding this will make it easier to keep motivated.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

What is friendship? It is difficult to be explained by 21 . If you really want to understand it, you have to 22 all your senses. Friendship can be seen. It is seen in children 23 the last cookie. It is seen in an old couple

holding hands in the park. It is not 24 to see friendship. It is always there for eyes that can see. Friendship can be heard. It is heard in the words of two friends having lunch together on a(n) 25

busy day when they have a lot of things to do. It is the way they 26 each other, not just the words. Friendship can be heard by those willing to listen. Friendship is 27 in a casual touch. It is a pat on the back from a classmate or a wet kiss

between two little children. The touch 28 more than words. It can be 29 understood and

received. Friendship tastes like 30 bread. Hot from the oven, it tastes more than the sum of 31

and ingredients (配料). In it, there is the love of the wife as her hands 32 them together and her

33 as she waits for the dough (生面团) to rise. They cannot be seen 34 they cannot be

measured. However, they are there to 35 a big difference. The difference you taste is 36 . Friendship has various smells. It smells like your home when you step into it after being 37

for a long time. It smells like the 38 cookies your clumsy (笨手笨脚的) brother made especially

for you. Finally, more than the other senses, friendship is an experience that, whether seen, felt, heard, or tasted, is 39 by the heart. Like air fills the lungs, friendship fills the heart, allowing us to experience the

best thing that life has to 40 . 21.A.appearances B.gifts C.words D.gestures

22.A.lose B.use C.affect D.recover

23.A.eating B.warming C.choosing D.sharing

24.A.common B.possible C.hard D.easy

25.A.extremely B.unfortunately C.scarcely D.comfortably

26.A.look at B.talk to C.come across D.play with

27.A.felt B.rewarded C.taken D.remembered

28.A.hurts B.cares C.expresses D.knows

29.A.unlikely B.immediately C.hopefully D.unwillingly

30.A.overcooked B.tasty C.homemade D.expensive

31.A.rice B.flour C.corn D.wheat

32.A.mixing B.planting C.changing D.praying

33.A.performance B.confidence C.patience D.dependence

34.A.but B.and C.if D.while

35.A.make B.ignore C.hide D.hold


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


36.A.time B.comfort C.love D.money

37.A.back B.away C.together D.down

38.A.well-known B.donated C.divided D.burnt

39.A.broadened B.spoken C.understood D.surrounded

40.A.offer B.enjoy C.appreciate D.miss

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chinese astronauts in Tiangong space station opened a science lecture on December 9th, 2021 as

they traveled around 41 Earth. There 42 (be)a lecture and some interesting activities on that exciting day. First, Zhai

Zhigang, Wang Yaping and Ye Guangfu, all members of the Shenzhou XIII mission crew, greeted

students, teachers and other participants as the lecture began at 3:40 pm. They then showed viewers the

place 43 they live and work. The astronauts carried out experiments 44 (show)

interesting physical phenomena(现象)in space, 45 (include) \"disappearing buoyancy(浮

力)\" and a \"water ball\". At last, before the end of the livestreamed activities, they 46 (happy)

answered questions from students. 47 (million)of primary and middle school students across

China watched the 60-minute televised event, which was the first lecture of the Tiangong Class, China' s

first extraterrestrial(地球大气圈外的)lecture series to make students interested 48 space

science. The manned space agency said that more lectures would 49 (hold)based on the country's

manned spaceflights and would also be presented by some 50 (profession)Chinese astronauts. Such activities are intended to spread knowledge about manned spaceflights for science among young

people.三、写作(满分 25 分)


假设你是新华中学的学生李华,2022 年 3 月 23 日你和同学一起观看了神州十三号航天员天宫授







1.词数应为 80 左右;


Dear astronauts, I’m Li Hua from Xinhua MiddleSchool.________________________________________________








____________________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua



信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)



一、阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。


To prevent kids from getting bored and to keep them in the spirit of learning, parents can use the

summer holidays for fun learning. Here are some ideas for you. Bedtime Reading

Learning doesn't have to be formal. In fact, some of the best learning opportunities are the simplest. Bedtime reading brings you closer together and gives you the opportunity to have positive discussions

about difficult topics like racism, loss, self-esteem, and more. It's never too early to start having these

kinds of conversations. Movies Can Introduce New Concepts

Watching movies can be a great learning opportunity. Selecting educational movies that introduce

new concepts is a great way to engage kids in learning. Screen time shouldn't be the main form of entertainment for young children, but it definitely has its

place. There are lots of great family-friendly films your kids can learn from. Sports +Spelling Activities

Summer is the perfect time to get outside and move. Exercise is important for both 'physical and

mental health, and practicing sports can help kids build skills and become more confident. But have you

ever considered pairing summer sports with other types of learning?

Linking physical movement with tasks like memorization and spelling can be great practice and can

help kids learn. Some children are kinetic learners. Multisensory learning opportunities, like spelling

while shooting hoops on the basketball court, can be a fun and creative way to build knowledge and

skills and are great for students with developmental or learning disabilities.

1.For whom is this passage intended?

A.Teachers. B.Young kids. C.Disabled people. D.Parents. 2.What benefits do kids get from Bedtime Reading?

A.They learn to be friendly. B.They learn to be talkative. C.They become rich in thinking. D.They become kind-hearted. 3.What can we say about kinetic learners?

A.They learn best while doing sports. B.They do sports well while learning. C.They prefer doing sports to learning. D.They were born with learning disabilities. B

Alexander Tsao, a keen rock climber for several years, was climbing the walls at a gym near his

home in Redmond, Washington, when he noticed that the ropes were frequently being replaced with new

ones. Just 16 at the time, Tsao wondered what happened to the old ropes. He asked the gym owners and

found out the ropes had to be discarded regularly due to safety regulations. He was surprised to find that

so many ropes were sent to landfills. This discovery inspired him to find a solution to the environmental issue of climbing rope waste. He

considered possible ideas and ways to up cycle the discarded ropes, deciding to turn them into leashes

(拴狗带) for dogs. Once he had made his plan, Tsao contacted all the climbing gyms in Washington State, introducing

his idea of recycling old ropes. Some were doubtful at first, but many gyms agreed to donate their used

ropes. Tsao spent months testing and designing his products and filling documents to become a nonprofit

organization which he called Rocks2Dogs. To make the leashes, Tsao and volunteers first wash and dry the ropes. They cut them into different

lengths, ranging from4 to 10 feet, and then burn the ends to prevent them from fraying (磨损). They add

a clip and handle to each end, and cover the leash’s hardware with shrink tape. Because making the leashes now is a full-time job, Tsao has asked his friends, family and neighbors

for help. “We have made and sold over a thousand leashes, which add up to over 10,000 feet of rope

being saved from landfills,” says Tsao. The leashes come in various colors. There are also half-price

leashes made from ropes with slight imperfections. These start at $7.49 while most other leashes start at

$ 14.99. To date, the nonprofit has raised more than $ 35,000. Much of this money has been donated to

animal shelters.

背水一战 4


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


4.What did Tsao discover?

A.Rock climbing might do harm to health. B.The gym didn’t obey safety regulations. C.Many old climbing ropes went to waste. D.Landfills caused damage to the environment. 5.What was Tsao’s plan?

A.To call on climbing gyms to donate ropes. B.To transform retired ropes into dog leashes. C.To upcycle old leashes saved from landfills. D.To set up an environmental organization. 6.What does paragraph 4 mainly talk about?

A.Efforts to promote the ropes. B.Reasons for starting Rocks2Dogs. C.Ways to reuse discarded waste. D.Steps for making the leashes. 7.What is the last paragraph intended to tell us?

A.Tsao succeeds in the leash business. B.Animal protection gain’s more attention. C.More people volunteered to help Tsao. D.Leashes are very popular with pet owners. C

When kids melt down in the middle of a crowded store or at a holiday dinner with extended family, it can be extremely frustrating. But parents can help kids learn self-control and teach them how to

respond without just acting on impulse (冲动). Teaching self-control is one of the most important things that parents can do for their kids because

these skills are some of the most important for success later in life. By learning self-control, kids can

make appropriate decisions and respond to stressful situations in ways that can yield positive outcomes. For example, if you say that you’re not serving ice cream until after dinner, your child may cry, plead, or

even scream in the hopes that you will give in. But with self-control, your child can understand that a

temper tantrum (发牌气) means you’ll take away the ice cream for good and that it’s wiser to wait

patiently. Difficult as it may be, resist the urge to yell when you’re disciplining your kids. Instead, be

persistent and matter of fact. During a child’s meltdown, stay calm and explain that yelling, throwing a

tantrum, and slamming doors are unacceptable behaviors that have consequences. Your actions will

show that tantrums won’t get kids the upper hand. For example, if your child gets, upset in the grocery

store after you’ve explained why you won’t buy candy, don’t give in – thus demonstrating that the

tantrum was both unacceptable and ineffective. Also, consider speaking to your child’s teachers about

classroom settings and appropriate behavior expectations. Ask if problem-solving is taught or

demonstrated in school. And model good self-control yourself. If you’re in an annoyed situation in front of your kids, tell

them why you’re frustrated and then discuss potential solutions to the problem. For example, if you’ve

misplaced your keys, instead of getting upset, tell your kids the keys are missing and then search for

them together. If they don’t turn up, take the next constructive step. Show that good emotional control

and problem solving are the ways to deal with a difficult situation. 8.What is the main idea of paragraph 2?

A.Impulsive responses lead to frustration. B.Kids’ melting down is a common phenomenon. C.Parents should help kids make decisions appropriately. D.Teaching kids self-control is a must for their future success. 9.What is the parents’ best attitude towards a child’s meltdown?

A.Firm and factual. B.Calm and tolerant. C.Cautious and objective. D.Annoyed and disapproving. 10.Which of the following best explains the underlined part in paragraph 3?

A.Emotional outburst is unexpected behaviors. B.Kids shouldn’t be responsible for their behaviors alone. C.Temper loss won’t give the kids a position of advantage. D.Tantrums are ineffective in interpersonal communications. 11.What message is conveyed in the last paragraph?

A.Slow and steady wins the race. B.Good example is the best sermon.


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


C.Experience is the mother of wisdom. D.Success comes from thorough self-control. D

Researchers say a new electrical device placed in three paralyzed patients has helped them walk

again. The lower bodies of the three patients were left paralyzed after they suffered spinal (脊柱的) cord

injuries. But a device implanted in the spinal cord was able to send electrical signals to the muscles to

permit them to stand, walk and exercise. Scientists have discovered that neurons—which receive and send signals for muscle

movements—often still work in injured patients with serious spinal cord injuries. However, past

research into spinal cord injuries has centered on the stimulation of neurons. Now in the latest

experiment led by Gregoire Courtine and Jocelyne Bloch of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in

Lausanne, three paralyzed men were implanted a new electrical device designed to copy an action of the

brain, in which it sends signals to the spinal cord that result in muscle movement. When the spinal cord

receives the brain signals, it stimulates a collection of nerve cells that can activate different muscles. The researchers reported that all three patients who got the spinal cord implants were able to take

their first steps within an hour after receiving them. Over the next six months, the patients regained the

ability to take part in more advanced walking activities, the study found. They were also able to ride

bicycles and swim in community settings. Unlike other attempts to help paralyzed patients walk by stimulating nerves through the back of the

spine, Courtine said that his team redesigned the devices so signals would enter the spine from the sides. This method permits more direct targeting and activation of spinal cord areas, he said. The team then developed artificial intelligence (AI) systems linked to the device. The AI controls

electrodes on the device to send signals to stimulate individual nerves that control muscles needed for

walking and other activities. However, because the patients’ muscles were weak from not being used, they needed help with supporting their weight, the researchers said. It also took some time for them to

learn to work with the technology. Still, Bloch said, “The more they train, the more they start lifting their

muscles, the more fluid it becomes.” 12.What can be inferred from paragraph 2?

A.Courtine and Bloch have found that neurons in paralyzed patients still work. B.The new electrical device can imitate the brain to send signals to the spinal cord.

C.Three paralyzed men recovered with the help of a new electrical device. D.Stimulating the neurons is the focus of the latest research into spinal cord injuries. 13.How does the new device stimulate the spinal cord areas more directly?

A.By stimulating nerves through the back of the spine. B.By using the AI system. C.By making signals enter the spine from the sides. D.By sending the signals to the brain. 14.Which can best describe Bloch’s idea in the last paragraph?

A.Every garden has its weeds. B.Put the cart (运货马车) before the horse. C.It's hard to please all. D.Practice makes perfect. 15.What is the purpose of this text?

A.To report the consequence of spinal cord injuries. B.To introduce the findings of a recent research. C.To compare a recent research with other previous researches. D.To recommend a treatment for paralyzed patients.第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)


Art is all around us. It can be found everywhere, including fancy galleries, people’s living rooms, and on the sides of buildings. So, why is art important?

It promotes expression and creativity. As humans, we’re naturally drawn to art as a form of

expression and communication. 16 It’s a way for them to express themselves before they’re

able to speak. In fact, participation in the arts may even assist kids with language, motor skills, and

visual learning development. 17 . When someone applies for a job, there are certain skills they need to have like data

analysis or bookkeeping. However, many employers also understand the very important need for the

skills which are hard to measure and often difficult to define. Some examples include a person’s ability

to adapt to change, think creatively, or collaborate with team members. It provides historical context. 18 . This is why people dedicate their lives to studying cave art, Shakespearean plays, and so much more. When we take the time to dive into art created in the past, we

can learn about other generations and eras. We can study art to find out what those before us were facing


高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习) 日积月累,脚踏实地,稳扎稳打,提升素养。


and how they overcame it. 19 . In therapy ( 疗 法 ) settings, art also provides an opportunity for digging deeper and expressing

emotions that are difficult to discuss. 20 . In one important study, children between 6 and 12

were asked to draw a house as a distraction after thinking about something upsetting. This group was

able to improve their mood when compared with children who were instructed to draw the negative

event or simply copy another drawing. A.These are its major benefits. B.Children love to draw, sing, and dance. C.Art and human history go hand-in-hand

D.How does it have an impact on our life?

E.It helps all of us develop necessary soft skills. F.It can help people handle both their past and present problems. G.Similarly, future generations will learn about our current events by the art we leave behind.二、语言知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

In September 2019, I was travelling along a track at Cabbage Tree Creek (小溪), Mount Nebo, alone. Although I’d done it loads of times before, I wanted to be 21 . So I filled my backpack

with 22 , like snacks, warm clothing, and maps. I reached the base of a waterfall. From there, I started 23 the rocks at the right side of the

falls. But around three-quarters of the way up, I 24 , breaking my left wrist on a rock before

dropping into the water. I knew I was 25 as soon as I started swimming. Finally, I 26

onto the bank and saw my foot was hanging from my leg. I fashioned a splint (夹板) to keep them in

place. Then I got my phone from my dry bag. There was no 27 , but I figured I could make the

30 metres east to get coverage. 28 , as I went to put the phone in my pocket, it fell into the creek. Now I 29 . Surrounded by thick rainforest, there was no 30 that anyone would find me. I knew there

was a junction (交汇处) of two creeks three kilometres away, where a helicopter could 31 me. 32 to walk, I relied on my right hand and set off on my bottom. The following three days

were very 33 . Every metre I stopped to take a rest. To keep me 34 , I thought about my

family and 35 myself. It was an incredible 36 when I reached a waterhole on my way

where I drank 37 , I was rescued by a helicopter in the end. I was told it was my boss who found I hadn’t 38 on Monday morning and phoned my sister. She called a few people, including my friend Judy, who 39 to know about my walking plans. I

didn’t even remember telling her, but I was so 40 I had!

Now I’m back to exploring the great outdoors—but I always tell people where I’m going. 21.A.free B.safe C.famous D.friendly

22.A.presents B.valuables C.essentials D.rewards

23.A.climbing B.cutting C.casting D.seeking

24.A.escaped B.returned C.hesitated D.slipped

25.A.at large B.in trouble : C.out of place D.over the moon

26.A.pulled myself up B.stepped down C.gave myself up D.wandered around

27.A.call B.power C.signal D.response

28.A.Lastly B.Instead C.Thus D.However

29.A.panicked B.relaxed C.recovered D.marched

30.A.doubt B.chance C.worry D.secret

31.A.monitor B.scare C.spot D.drop

32.A.Impatient B.Eager C.Unwilling D.Unable

33.A.tiring B.funny C.strange D.pleasant

34.A.changing B.going C.imagining D.waiting

35.A.thanked B.enjoyed C.questioned D.encouraged

36.A.pity B.honor C.relief D.disaster

37.A.Sadly B.Fortunately C.Suddenly D.Normally

38.A.turn up B.settle down C.set off D.get over

39.A.refused B.failed C.pretended D.happened

40.A.sorry B.confident C.grateful D.proud

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

At eight p.m., February 17, 2021, 2020 “Touching China” was broadcast on CCTV integrated

channel CCTV-1. The “Touching China” award has been held every year since 2003, 41 honors


信心来自于实力,实力来自于勤奋。 高三英语衡中学案(三轮复习)


ten of China’s role models carefully 42 (select) by people. One of the ten role models, Wang Hai, is a former MiG-15 fighter pilot and air force 43

(command) who led the People’s Air Force’s young No. 1 Brigade and fought more than 80 fierce

44 (battle)with the US Air Force during the War, to Resist US Aggression, and Aid Korea. And Ye

Jiaying is an expert of Chinese Classical Literature 45 (make) a significant contribution to the

spread of Chinese culture. There is no doubt that those extraordinary people can have an outstanding

influence 46 our country. However, even nobodies can burst out with great power. Wan Zuocheng and Xiong Gengxiang are 47 ordinary couple living in Nanchang, Jiangxi. They 48 (operate) an open-air kitchen near Jiangxi Cancer Hospital since 2003 to offer a helping

hand to cancer patients. So far this kitchen has not only witnessed the joys and sorrows of a large

quantity of people over the past eighteen years, but also 49 (continuous) conveyed the love and

warmth of home. The couple’s initial intentions were very simple: “Some diseases can’t 50 (cure), but the patients can eat better, and the family members can have less regret.”三、写作(满分 25 分)


你校正在组织英语作文比赛。请你以 Spreading Chinese Culture 为题,写一篇短文参赛,内容包





1.词数 100 左右;


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